Advances and future directions of biochar characterization methods and applications

Avanthi Deshani Igalavithana, Sanchita Mandal, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Meththika Vithanage, Sanjai J. Parikh, Fungai N.D. Mukome, Muhammad Rizwan, Patryk Oleszczuk, Mohammad Al-Wabel, Nanthi Bolan, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Ki Hyun Kim, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochar is a carbon-rich by-product of the thermal conversion of organic feedstocks and is primarily used as a soil amendment. Identification and quantification of biochar properties are important to ensure optimal outcomes for agricultural or environmental applications. Advanced spectroscopic techniques have recently been adopted in biochar characterization. However, biochar characterization approaches rely entirely on the user's choice and accessibility to the new technology. The selection of proper methods is vital to accurately and consistently assess biochar properties. This review critically evaluates current biochar characterization methods of proximate, ultimate, physicochemical, surface and structural analyses, and important biochar properties for various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2275-2330
Number of pages56
JournalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 2

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soil amendment
accessibility
Feedstocks
Byproducts
carbon
Soils
Carbon
method
by-product
new technology
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Advanced spectroscopic analysis
  • black carbon
  • characterization
  • pyrolysis
  • surface functional group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

Advances and future directions of biochar characterization methods and applications. / Igalavithana, Avanthi Deshani; Mandal, Sanchita; Niazi, Nabeel Khan; Vithanage, Meththika; Parikh, Sanjai J.; Mukome, Fungai N.D.; Rizwan, Muhammad; Oleszczuk, Patryk; Al-Wabel, Mohammad; Bolan, Nanthi; Tsang, Daniel C.W.; Kim, Ki Hyun; Ok, Yong Sik.

In: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 23, 02.12.2017, p. 2275-2330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Igalavithana, AD, Mandal, S, Niazi, NK, Vithanage, M, Parikh, SJ, Mukome, FND, Rizwan, M, Oleszczuk, P, Al-Wabel, M, Bolan, N, Tsang, DCW, Kim, KH & Ok, YS 2017, 'Advances and future directions of biochar characterization methods and applications', Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 47, no. 23, pp. 2275-2330. https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2017.1421844
Igalavithana, Avanthi Deshani ; Mandal, Sanchita ; Niazi, Nabeel Khan ; Vithanage, Meththika ; Parikh, Sanjai J. ; Mukome, Fungai N.D. ; Rizwan, Muhammad ; Oleszczuk, Patryk ; Al-Wabel, Mohammad ; Bolan, Nanthi ; Tsang, Daniel C.W. ; Kim, Ki Hyun ; Ok, Yong Sik. / Advances and future directions of biochar characterization methods and applications. In: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 47, No. 23. pp. 2275-2330.
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