Aerosol-assisted synthesis of porous and hollow carbon-carbon nanotube composite microspheres as sulfur host materials for high-performance Li-S batteries

Gi Dae Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Spherical carbon materials with porous and hollow structures have been developed as efficient sulfur host materials for Li[sbnd]S batteries through various synthetic strategies. However, nanostructured carbon materials, generally synthesized by liquid solution processes, have disadvantages of low electrical conductivity as sulfur host materials. In this study, highly porous hollow carbon-carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite microspheres, with a high loading rate of ultrafine S and high electrical conductivity, are designed and successfully synthesized by an aerosol-assisted process (ultrasonic spray pyrolysis) as efficient sulfur host materials. The carbon-CNTs composite microspheres, with a high sulfur loading rate of 70 wt%, exhibit superior electrochemical performance as a cathode compared to that of S-loaded CNTs balls for Li[sbnd]S batteries. The S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres exhibit a discharge capacity of 697 mA h g−1 for the 250th cycle at a current density of 1.0C and show high reversible discharge capacities of 685 mA h g−1, even at a high current density of 3.0C. The outstanding cycling and rate performance of S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres are attributed to the structural flexibility of the hollow structure, loading of ultrafine sulfur in micro- and mesopores of dextrin-derived carbon, and good electrical conductivity due to uniformly dispersed CNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143637
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume495
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 30

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Aerosols
Microspheres
Sulfur
electric batteries
hollow
Carbon nanotubes
aerosols
sulfur
Carbon
carbon nanotubes
composite materials
carbon
Composite materials
synthesis
loading rate
electrical resistivity
Current density
current density
cycles

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotube
  • Hollow carbon
  • Li-S batteries
  • Porous structure
  • Spray pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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title = "Aerosol-assisted synthesis of porous and hollow carbon-carbon nanotube composite microspheres as sulfur host materials for high-performance Li-S batteries",
abstract = "Spherical carbon materials with porous and hollow structures have been developed as efficient sulfur host materials for Li[sbnd]S batteries through various synthetic strategies. However, nanostructured carbon materials, generally synthesized by liquid solution processes, have disadvantages of low electrical conductivity as sulfur host materials. In this study, highly porous hollow carbon-carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite microspheres, with a high loading rate of ultrafine S and high electrical conductivity, are designed and successfully synthesized by an aerosol-assisted process (ultrasonic spray pyrolysis) as efficient sulfur host materials. The carbon-CNTs composite microspheres, with a high sulfur loading rate of 70 wt{\%}, exhibit superior electrochemical performance as a cathode compared to that of S-loaded CNTs balls for Li[sbnd]S batteries. The S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres exhibit a discharge capacity of 697 mA h g−1 for the 250th cycle at a current density of 1.0C and show high reversible discharge capacities of 685 mA h g−1, even at a high current density of 3.0C. The outstanding cycling and rate performance of S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres are attributed to the structural flexibility of the hollow structure, loading of ultrafine sulfur in micro- and mesopores of dextrin-derived carbon, and good electrical conductivity due to uniformly dispersed CNTs.",
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AB - Spherical carbon materials with porous and hollow structures have been developed as efficient sulfur host materials for Li[sbnd]S batteries through various synthetic strategies. However, nanostructured carbon materials, generally synthesized by liquid solution processes, have disadvantages of low electrical conductivity as sulfur host materials. In this study, highly porous hollow carbon-carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite microspheres, with a high loading rate of ultrafine S and high electrical conductivity, are designed and successfully synthesized by an aerosol-assisted process (ultrasonic spray pyrolysis) as efficient sulfur host materials. The carbon-CNTs composite microspheres, with a high sulfur loading rate of 70 wt%, exhibit superior electrochemical performance as a cathode compared to that of S-loaded CNTs balls for Li[sbnd]S batteries. The S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres exhibit a discharge capacity of 697 mA h g−1 for the 250th cycle at a current density of 1.0C and show high reversible discharge capacities of 685 mA h g−1, even at a high current density of 3.0C. The outstanding cycling and rate performance of S-loaded carbon-CNTs composite microspheres are attributed to the structural flexibility of the hollow structure, loading of ultrafine sulfur in micro- and mesopores of dextrin-derived carbon, and good electrical conductivity due to uniformly dispersed CNTs.

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