Agricultural Pesticide Usage and Prioritization in South Korea

Eun Shil Cha, Mihye Jeong, Won Jin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to review agricultural pesticide usage and trends and to identify hazardous pesticides for regulation, in terms of public health, in South Korea. The authors collected data on usage and trends of agricultural pesticides through agriculture-related databases. Criteria from the US Environmental Protection Agency classification for carcinogenicity, World Health Organization classification for acute toxicity, and European Union prioritization list for endocrine-disrupting chemicals were used for the hazard categorization of identified individual active ingredients. Pesticides to be prioritized among all pesticides used in South Korea between 2007 and 2011 were selected by taking into account the volume of usage, toxicity, and epidemiological evidence. Annual agricultural use of pesticides has increased rapidly from the 1970s to 1990s in South Korea, but has declined since 2001. The quantity of pesticides used in 2011 was reported as 19,131 tons, and was comprised of 34.7% insecticides, 28.0% fungicides, and 27.1% herbicides. The 50 pesticides with the greatest volume of usage accounted for 82.6% of the total volume of pesticides used between 2007 and 2011, with the most-used active ingredient being machine oil, followed by mancozeb and then paraquat. Organophosphates were the most used among the top 50 pesticides. A total of 24 pesticides were selected for recommendation of intensive regulation in South Korea. In conclusion, the authors described the usage and trends of overall agricultural pesticides, which would serve as a fundamental step forward in managing pesticide in terms of public health. Intensive efforts are required for the prevention of potential health effects from the 24 identified pesticides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-293
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Agromedicine
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Republic of Korea
Pesticides
Public Health
Endocrine Disruptors
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Paraquat
Organophosphates
Herbicides
European Union
Insecticides
Agriculture

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • exposure
  • farmers
  • pesticides
  • prioritization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Agricultural Pesticide Usage and Prioritization in South Korea. / Cha, Eun Shil; Jeong, Mihye; Lee, Won Jin.

In: Journal of Agromedicine, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 281-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cha, Eun Shil ; Jeong, Mihye ; Lee, Won Jin. / Agricultural Pesticide Usage and Prioritization in South Korea. In: Journal of Agromedicine. 2014 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 281-293.
@article{886450bdedcf4da387d66f06258278f4,
title = "Agricultural Pesticide Usage and Prioritization in South Korea",
abstract = "This study aims to review agricultural pesticide usage and trends and to identify hazardous pesticides for regulation, in terms of public health, in South Korea. The authors collected data on usage and trends of agricultural pesticides through agriculture-related databases. Criteria from the US Environmental Protection Agency classification for carcinogenicity, World Health Organization classification for acute toxicity, and European Union prioritization list for endocrine-disrupting chemicals were used for the hazard categorization of identified individual active ingredients. Pesticides to be prioritized among all pesticides used in South Korea between 2007 and 2011 were selected by taking into account the volume of usage, toxicity, and epidemiological evidence. Annual agricultural use of pesticides has increased rapidly from the 1970s to 1990s in South Korea, but has declined since 2001. The quantity of pesticides used in 2011 was reported as 19,131 tons, and was comprised of 34.7{\%} insecticides, 28.0{\%} fungicides, and 27.1{\%} herbicides. The 50 pesticides with the greatest volume of usage accounted for 82.6{\%} of the total volume of pesticides used between 2007 and 2011, with the most-used active ingredient being machine oil, followed by mancozeb and then paraquat. Organophosphates were the most used among the top 50 pesticides. A total of 24 pesticides were selected for recommendation of intensive regulation in South Korea. In conclusion, the authors described the usage and trends of overall agricultural pesticides, which would serve as a fundamental step forward in managing pesticide in terms of public health. Intensive efforts are required for the prevention of potential health effects from the 24 identified pesticides.",
keywords = "Agriculture, exposure, farmers, pesticides, prioritization",
author = "Cha, {Eun Shil} and Mihye Jeong and Lee, {Won Jin}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/1059924X.2014.917349",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "281--293",
journal = "Journal of Agromedicine",
issn = "1059-924X",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agricultural Pesticide Usage and Prioritization in South Korea

AU - Cha, Eun Shil

AU - Jeong, Mihye

AU - Lee, Won Jin

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - This study aims to review agricultural pesticide usage and trends and to identify hazardous pesticides for regulation, in terms of public health, in South Korea. The authors collected data on usage and trends of agricultural pesticides through agriculture-related databases. Criteria from the US Environmental Protection Agency classification for carcinogenicity, World Health Organization classification for acute toxicity, and European Union prioritization list for endocrine-disrupting chemicals were used for the hazard categorization of identified individual active ingredients. Pesticides to be prioritized among all pesticides used in South Korea between 2007 and 2011 were selected by taking into account the volume of usage, toxicity, and epidemiological evidence. Annual agricultural use of pesticides has increased rapidly from the 1970s to 1990s in South Korea, but has declined since 2001. The quantity of pesticides used in 2011 was reported as 19,131 tons, and was comprised of 34.7% insecticides, 28.0% fungicides, and 27.1% herbicides. The 50 pesticides with the greatest volume of usage accounted for 82.6% of the total volume of pesticides used between 2007 and 2011, with the most-used active ingredient being machine oil, followed by mancozeb and then paraquat. Organophosphates were the most used among the top 50 pesticides. A total of 24 pesticides were selected for recommendation of intensive regulation in South Korea. In conclusion, the authors described the usage and trends of overall agricultural pesticides, which would serve as a fundamental step forward in managing pesticide in terms of public health. Intensive efforts are required for the prevention of potential health effects from the 24 identified pesticides.

AB - This study aims to review agricultural pesticide usage and trends and to identify hazardous pesticides for regulation, in terms of public health, in South Korea. The authors collected data on usage and trends of agricultural pesticides through agriculture-related databases. Criteria from the US Environmental Protection Agency classification for carcinogenicity, World Health Organization classification for acute toxicity, and European Union prioritization list for endocrine-disrupting chemicals were used for the hazard categorization of identified individual active ingredients. Pesticides to be prioritized among all pesticides used in South Korea between 2007 and 2011 were selected by taking into account the volume of usage, toxicity, and epidemiological evidence. Annual agricultural use of pesticides has increased rapidly from the 1970s to 1990s in South Korea, but has declined since 2001. The quantity of pesticides used in 2011 was reported as 19,131 tons, and was comprised of 34.7% insecticides, 28.0% fungicides, and 27.1% herbicides. The 50 pesticides with the greatest volume of usage accounted for 82.6% of the total volume of pesticides used between 2007 and 2011, with the most-used active ingredient being machine oil, followed by mancozeb and then paraquat. Organophosphates were the most used among the top 50 pesticides. A total of 24 pesticides were selected for recommendation of intensive regulation in South Korea. In conclusion, the authors described the usage and trends of overall agricultural pesticides, which would serve as a fundamental step forward in managing pesticide in terms of public health. Intensive efforts are required for the prevention of potential health effects from the 24 identified pesticides.

KW - Agriculture

KW - exposure

KW - farmers

KW - pesticides

KW - prioritization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903169040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903169040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/1059924X.2014.917349

DO - 10.1080/1059924X.2014.917349

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 281

EP - 293

JO - Journal of Agromedicine

JF - Journal of Agromedicine

SN - 1059-924X

IS - 3

ER -