Air-stable, nanostructured electronic and plasmonic materials from solution-processable, silver nanocrystal building blocks

Aaron T. Fafarman, Sung Hoon Hong, Soong Ju Oh, Humeyra Caglayan, Xingchen Ye, Benjamin T. Diroll, Nader Engheta, Christopher B. Murray, Cherie R. Kagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein we describe a room-temperature, chemical process to transform silver nanocrystal solids, deposited from colloidal solutions, into highly conductive, corrosion-resistant, optical and electronic materials with nanometer-scale architectures. After assembling the nanocrystal solids, we treated them with a set of simple, compact, organic and inorganic reagents: ammonium thiocyanate, ammonium chloride, potassium hydrogen sulfide, and ethanedithiol. We find that each reagent induces unique changes in the structure and composition of the resulting solid, giving rise to films that vary from insulating to, in the case of thiocyanate, conducting with a remarkably low resistivity of 8.8 × 10-6 ·cm, only 6 times that of bulk silver. We show that thiocyanate mediates the spontaneous sintering of nanocrystals into structures with a roughness of less than 1/10th of the wavelength of visible light. We demonstrate that these solution-processed, low-resistivity, optically smooth films can be patterned, using imprint lithography, into conductive electrodes and plasmonic mesostructures with programmable resonances. We observe that thiocyanate-treated solids exhibit significantly retarded atmospheric corrosion, a feature that dramatically increases the feasibility of employing silver for electrical and plasmonic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2746-2754
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 25
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Silver
Nanocrystals
nanocrystals
silver
air
Air
electronics
reagents
corrosion
Atmospheric corrosion
Ammonium Chloride
Hydrogen Sulfide
ammonium chlorides
electrical resistivity
hydrogen sulfide
Hydrogen sulfide
optical materials
assembling
Lithography
Potassium

Keywords

  • ammonium thiocyanate
  • conductivity
  • dielectric function
  • electrodes
  • ligand exchange
  • metamaterials
  • nanoimprinting
  • printing
  • silver nanoparticles
  • soft lithography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Air-stable, nanostructured electronic and plasmonic materials from solution-processable, silver nanocrystal building blocks. / Fafarman, Aaron T.; Hong, Sung Hoon; Oh, Soong Ju; Caglayan, Humeyra; Ye, Xingchen; Diroll, Benjamin T.; Engheta, Nader; Murray, Christopher B.; Kagan, Cherie R.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 8, No. 3, 25.03.2014, p. 2746-2754.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fafarman, AT, Hong, SH, Oh, SJ, Caglayan, H, Ye, X, Diroll, BT, Engheta, N, Murray, CB & Kagan, CR 2014, 'Air-stable, nanostructured electronic and plasmonic materials from solution-processable, silver nanocrystal building blocks', ACS Nano, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 2746-2754. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn406461p
Fafarman, Aaron T. ; Hong, Sung Hoon ; Oh, Soong Ju ; Caglayan, Humeyra ; Ye, Xingchen ; Diroll, Benjamin T. ; Engheta, Nader ; Murray, Christopher B. ; Kagan, Cherie R. / Air-stable, nanostructured electronic and plasmonic materials from solution-processable, silver nanocrystal building blocks. In: ACS Nano. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 2746-2754.
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