All-in-One Lewis Base for Enhanced Precursor and Device Stability in Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

Jun Zhu, Dong Hoe Kim, Ji Dong Kim, Dong Geon Lee, Won Bin Kim, Shi Wang Chen, Jun Young Kim, Jae Myeong Lee, Hyemin Lee, Gill Sang Han, Tae Kyu Ahn, Hyun Suk Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


With skyrocketing interest and achievement of tremendous research efforts, perovskite solar cells are on the verge of commercialization. However, the stabilities of precursors and devices provide challenges for commercialization. Many researchers have dealt with these issues separately. Here, we introduce novel diphthalic anhydride-based Lewis base additives that address the precursor and device stability difficulties simultaneously. The added Lewis bases showed excellent interactions with Pb2+ and FA+ cations in the precursor and perovskite crystal. Accordingly, the facile Lewis-base-added perovskite precursor exhibited 85% ambient storage stability, and the device retained 90% of its initial efficiency after 1,000 h of heating at 80 °C (thermal) or 50% relative humidity atmospheric testing without encapsulation. Furthermore, the interaction between the facile Lewis base and various cations suppressed the related grain boundary defects, thus improving the efficiency from 19.58% of the control device to 22.43% of the target device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3425-3434
Number of pages10
JournalACS Energy Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry


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