Alleviating Interfacial Recombination of Heterojunction Electron Transport Layer via Oxygen Vacancy Engineering for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells Over 23%

Yohan Ko, Taemin Kim, Chanyong Lee, Changhyun Lee, Yong Ju Yun, Yongseok Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electron transport layer (ETL) is pivotal to charge carrier transport for PSCs to reach the Shockley–Queisser limit. This study provides a fundamental understanding of heterojunction electron transport layers (ETLs) at the atomic level for stable and efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The bilayer structure of an ETL composed of SnO2 on TiO2 was examined, revealing a critical factor limiting its potential to obtain efficient performance. Alteration of oxygen vacancies in the TiO2 underlayer via an annealing process is found to induce manipulated band offsets at the interface between the TiO2 and SnO2 layers. In-depth electronic investigations of the bilayer structure elucidate the importance of the electronic properties at the interface between the TiO2 and SnO2 layers. The apparent correlation in hysteresis phenomena, including current density–voltage (J–V) curves, appears as a function of the type of band alignment. Density functional theory calculations reveal the intimate relationship between oxygen vacancies, deep trap states, and charge transport efficiency at the interface between the TiO2 and SnO2 layers. The formation of cascade band alignment via control over the TiO2 underlayer enhances device performance and suppresses hysteresis. Optimal performance exhibits a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 23.45% with an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 1.184 V, showing better device stability under maximum power point tracking compared with a staggered bilayer under one-sun continuous illumination.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy and Environmental Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • electron transport bilayer
  • heterojunction bilayers
  • interfacial defect
  • oxygen vacancy engineering
  • perovskite solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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