Objective: Altered thalamocortical network has been proposed to play a pivotal role in the principal pathophysiology underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Recently, resting-state fMRI studies have provided converging evidence for thalamocortical dysconnectivity in patients with JME. Herein, we investigated the amplitude and spatial distribution of spontaneous low-frequency oscillations using analysis of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in a large group of JME patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Volumetric MRI and resting-state fMRI were acquired in 75 patients with JME and 62 matched controls. After preprocessing of MRI data, fALFF was computed and then Z-transformed for standardization. fALFF was compared between controls and patients, and correlation analysis between regional fALFF and clinical parameters were performed in patients. Results: Compared with controls, JME patients revealed significant fALFF increases in the bilateral medial thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum vermis (false discovery rate-corrected P < 0.05). There was no region of fALFF reduction in JME patients relative to controls. No significant correlation was observed between regional fALFF and disease duration or cumulative number of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Conclusions: We have shown alterations of low-frequency oscillations in the thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum in patients with JME, implicating cerebello-thalamocortical network abnormality in the pathophysiology underlying JME. Our results could further support the recent concept that JME is a network epilepsy involving specific cortical and subcortical structures, especially the cerebello-thalamocortical network.
- fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation
- insular cortex
- juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology