Alteration of cerebello-thalamocortical spontaneous low-frequency oscillations in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

Ji Hyun Kim, Jung Bin Kim, Sang-Il Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Altered thalamocortical network has been proposed to play a pivotal role in the principal pathophysiology underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Recently, resting-state fMRI studies have provided converging evidence for thalamocortical dysconnectivity in patients with JME. Herein, we investigated the amplitude and spatial distribution of spontaneous low-frequency oscillations using analysis of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in a large group of JME patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Volumetric MRI and resting-state fMRI were acquired in 75 patients with JME and 62 matched controls. After preprocessing of MRI data, fALFF was computed and then Z-transformed for standardization. fALFF was compared between controls and patients, and correlation analysis between regional fALFF and clinical parameters were performed in patients. Results: Compared with controls, JME patients revealed significant fALFF increases in the bilateral medial thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum vermis (false discovery rate-corrected P < 0.05). There was no region of fALFF reduction in JME patients relative to controls. No significant correlation was observed between regional fALFF and disease duration or cumulative number of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Conclusions: We have shown alterations of low-frequency oscillations in the thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum in patients with JME, implicating cerebello-thalamocortical network abnormality in the pathophysiology underlying JME. Our results could further support the recent concept that JME is a network epilepsy involving specific cortical and subcortical structures, especially the cerebello-thalamocortical network.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
Prefrontal Cortex
Thalamus
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebellum
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Epilepsy
Seizures

Keywords

  • cerebellum
  • fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation
  • insular cortex
  • juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
  • thalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Alteration of cerebello-thalamocortical spontaneous low-frequency oscillations in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy",
abstract = "Objective: Altered thalamocortical network has been proposed to play a pivotal role in the principal pathophysiology underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Recently, resting-state fMRI studies have provided converging evidence for thalamocortical dysconnectivity in patients with JME. Herein, we investigated the amplitude and spatial distribution of spontaneous low-frequency oscillations using analysis of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in a large group of JME patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Volumetric MRI and resting-state fMRI were acquired in 75 patients with JME and 62 matched controls. After preprocessing of MRI data, fALFF was computed and then Z-transformed for standardization. fALFF was compared between controls and patients, and correlation analysis between regional fALFF and clinical parameters were performed in patients. Results: Compared with controls, JME patients revealed significant fALFF increases in the bilateral medial thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum vermis (false discovery rate-corrected P < 0.05). There was no region of fALFF reduction in JME patients relative to controls. No significant correlation was observed between regional fALFF and disease duration or cumulative number of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Conclusions: We have shown alterations of low-frequency oscillations in the thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum in patients with JME, implicating cerebello-thalamocortical network abnormality in the pathophysiology underlying JME. Our results could further support the recent concept that JME is a network epilepsy involving specific cortical and subcortical structures, especially the cerebello-thalamocortical network.",
keywords = "cerebellum, fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation, insular cortex, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, thalamus",
author = "Kim, {Ji Hyun} and Kim, {Jung Bin} and Sang-Il Suh",
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doi = "10.1111/ane.13138",
language = "English",
journal = "Acta Neurologica Scandinavica",
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AU - Kim, Ji Hyun

AU - Kim, Jung Bin

AU - Suh, Sang-Il

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N2 - Objective: Altered thalamocortical network has been proposed to play a pivotal role in the principal pathophysiology underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Recently, resting-state fMRI studies have provided converging evidence for thalamocortical dysconnectivity in patients with JME. Herein, we investigated the amplitude and spatial distribution of spontaneous low-frequency oscillations using analysis of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in a large group of JME patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Volumetric MRI and resting-state fMRI were acquired in 75 patients with JME and 62 matched controls. After preprocessing of MRI data, fALFF was computed and then Z-transformed for standardization. fALFF was compared between controls and patients, and correlation analysis between regional fALFF and clinical parameters were performed in patients. Results: Compared with controls, JME patients revealed significant fALFF increases in the bilateral medial thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum vermis (false discovery rate-corrected P < 0.05). There was no region of fALFF reduction in JME patients relative to controls. No significant correlation was observed between regional fALFF and disease duration or cumulative number of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Conclusions: We have shown alterations of low-frequency oscillations in the thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum in patients with JME, implicating cerebello-thalamocortical network abnormality in the pathophysiology underlying JME. Our results could further support the recent concept that JME is a network epilepsy involving specific cortical and subcortical structures, especially the cerebello-thalamocortical network.

AB - Objective: Altered thalamocortical network has been proposed to play a pivotal role in the principal pathophysiology underlying juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Recently, resting-state fMRI studies have provided converging evidence for thalamocortical dysconnectivity in patients with JME. Herein, we investigated the amplitude and spatial distribution of spontaneous low-frequency oscillations using analysis of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) in a large group of JME patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Volumetric MRI and resting-state fMRI were acquired in 75 patients with JME and 62 matched controls. After preprocessing of MRI data, fALFF was computed and then Z-transformed for standardization. fALFF was compared between controls and patients, and correlation analysis between regional fALFF and clinical parameters were performed in patients. Results: Compared with controls, JME patients revealed significant fALFF increases in the bilateral medial thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum vermis (false discovery rate-corrected P < 0.05). There was no region of fALFF reduction in JME patients relative to controls. No significant correlation was observed between regional fALFF and disease duration or cumulative number of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Conclusions: We have shown alterations of low-frequency oscillations in the thalamus, insular cortex/inferior frontal gyrus, and cerebellum in patients with JME, implicating cerebello-thalamocortical network abnormality in the pathophysiology underlying JME. Our results could further support the recent concept that JME is a network epilepsy involving specific cortical and subcortical structures, especially the cerebello-thalamocortical network.

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