Alteration of sphingolipid metabolism and pSTAT3 expression by dietary cholesterol in the gallbladder of hamsters

Hyun Woo Shin, Donghyun Kim, Yunsun Lee, Hwan Soo Yoo, Beomjae Lee, Jae Seon Kim, Soyong Jang, Heena Lim, Yeonju Lee, Seikwan Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cholesterol and sphingolipids are major lipid constituents of the plasma membrane and have been implicated in a number of human diseases, such as atherosclerosis, fatty liver, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. However, the relationship between cholesterol and sphingolipid metabolism has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary cholesterol would induce the alteration of sphingolipid metabolism in hamsters. Hypercholesterolemia was induced in hamsters by placing them on an experimental diet containing 0.5% cholesterol plus 0.5% choline chloride for 8 and 12 weeks. The serum profile of the hamsters showed that the administration of cholesterol increased the levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides as well as the activities of GOT and GPT. The levels of ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate (So-1-P) were remarkably elevated by 6-fold, respectively, in the bile juice of cholesterol-fed hamsters. Interestingly, the levels of iNOS and GFAP were increased in the gallbladders of cholesterol-fed hamsters. In addition, the immunostaining of pSTAT3 was increased on the gallbladder epithelium after cholesterol feeding. These results suggest that sphingolipid metabolism may be regulated in the bile juice during cholesterol feeding and may be a potential target for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia-induced diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1253-1262
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Pharmacal Research
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Dietary Cholesterol
Sphingolipids
Gallbladder
Metabolism
Cricetinae
Cholesterol
Hypercholesterolemia
Bile
Ceramides
Cell membranes
Nutrition
Medical problems
Choline
Liver
Fatty Liver
LDL Cholesterol
Coronary Disease
Atherosclerosis
Diabetes Mellitus
Epithelium

Keywords

  • Ceramide
  • Cholesterol
  • GFAP
  • Hamsters
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate
  • STAT3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Alteration of sphingolipid metabolism and pSTAT3 expression by dietary cholesterol in the gallbladder of hamsters. / Shin, Hyun Woo; Kim, Donghyun; Lee, Yunsun; Yoo, Hwan Soo; Lee, Beomjae; Kim, Jae Seon; Jang, Soyong; Lim, Heena; Lee, Yeonju; Oh, Seikwan.

In: Archives of Pharmacal Research, Vol. 32, No. 9, 01.09.2009, p. 1253-1262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shin, Hyun Woo ; Kim, Donghyun ; Lee, Yunsun ; Yoo, Hwan Soo ; Lee, Beomjae ; Kim, Jae Seon ; Jang, Soyong ; Lim, Heena ; Lee, Yeonju ; Oh, Seikwan. / Alteration of sphingolipid metabolism and pSTAT3 expression by dietary cholesterol in the gallbladder of hamsters. In: Archives of Pharmacal Research. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 9. pp. 1253-1262.
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