Alternative fate of glyoxylate during acetate and hexadecane metabolism in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1

Chulwoo Park, Bora Shin, Woojun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The glyoxylate shunt (GS), involving isocitrate lyase (encoded by aceA) and malate synthase G (encoded by glcB), is known to play important roles under several conditions including oxidative stress, antibiotic defense, or certain carbon source metabolism (acetate and fatty acids). Comparative growth analyses of wild type (WT), aceA, and glcB null-strains revealed that aceA, but not glcB, is essential for cells to grow on either acetate (1%) or hexadecane (1%) in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1. Interestingly. the aceA knockout strain was able to grow slower in 0.1% acetate than the parent strain. Northern Blot analysis showed that the expression of aceA was dependent on the concentration of acetate or H2O2, while glcB was constitutively expressed. Up-regulation of stress response-related genes and down-regulation of main carbon metabolism-participating genes in a ΔaceA mutant, compared to that in the parent strain, suggested that an ΔaceA mutant is susceptible to acetate toxicity, but grows slowly in 0.1% acetate. However, a ΔglcB mutant showed no growth defect in acetate or hexadecane and no susceptibility to H2O2, suggesting the presence of an alternative pathway to eliminate glyoxylate toxicity. A lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, encoded by a ldh) could possibly mediate the conversion from glyoxylate to oxalate based on our RNA-seq profiles. Oxalate production during hexadecane degradation and impaired growth of a ΔldhΔglcB double mutant in both acetate and hexadecane-supplemented media suggested that LDH is a potential detoxifying enzyme for glyoxylate. Our constructed LDH-overexpressing Escherichia coli strain also showed an important role of LDH under lactate, acetate, and glyoxylate metabolisms. The LDH-overexpressing E. coli strain, but not wild type strain, produced oxalate under glyoxylate condition. In conclusion, the GS is a main player, but alternative glyoxylate pathways exist during acetate and hexadecane metabolism in A. oleivorans DR1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14402
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

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Acinetobacter
Acetates
Oxalates
Malate Synthase
Carbon
Growth
Isocitrate Lyase
n-hexadecane
glyoxylic acid
Escherichia coli
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Northern Blotting
Genes
Lactic Acid
Oxidative Stress
Up-Regulation
Fatty Acids
Down-Regulation
RNA
Anti-Bacterial Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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Alternative fate of glyoxylate during acetate and hexadecane metabolism in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1. / Park, Chulwoo; Shin, Bora; Park, Woojun.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 14402, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The glyoxylate shunt (GS), involving isocitrate lyase (encoded by aceA) and malate synthase G (encoded by glcB), is known to play important roles under several conditions including oxidative stress, antibiotic defense, or certain carbon source metabolism (acetate and fatty acids). Comparative growth analyses of wild type (WT), aceA, and glcB null-strains revealed that aceA, but not glcB, is essential for cells to grow on either acetate (1{\%}) or hexadecane (1{\%}) in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1. Interestingly. the aceA knockout strain was able to grow slower in 0.1{\%} acetate than the parent strain. Northern Blot analysis showed that the expression of aceA was dependent on the concentration of acetate or H2O2, while glcB was constitutively expressed. Up-regulation of stress response-related genes and down-regulation of main carbon metabolism-participating genes in a ΔaceA mutant, compared to that in the parent strain, suggested that an ΔaceA mutant is susceptible to acetate toxicity, but grows slowly in 0.1{\%} acetate. However, a ΔglcB mutant showed no growth defect in acetate or hexadecane and no susceptibility to H2O2, suggesting the presence of an alternative pathway to eliminate glyoxylate toxicity. A lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, encoded by a ldh) could possibly mediate the conversion from glyoxylate to oxalate based on our RNA-seq profiles. Oxalate production during hexadecane degradation and impaired growth of a ΔldhΔglcB double mutant in both acetate and hexadecane-supplemented media suggested that LDH is a potential detoxifying enzyme for glyoxylate. Our constructed LDH-overexpressing Escherichia coli strain also showed an important role of LDH under lactate, acetate, and glyoxylate metabolisms. The LDH-overexpressing E. coli strain, but not wild type strain, produced oxalate under glyoxylate condition. In conclusion, the GS is a main player, but alternative glyoxylate pathways exist during acetate and hexadecane metabolism in A. oleivorans DR1.",
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