AM251, a cannabinoid antagonist, has various biological activities. In this study, we found that AM251 suppressed the viability of hepatoma HepG2 cells and also increased phosphorylation of JNK (c-jun N-terminal kinase) and ATF3 (activating transcription factor 3). In addition, AM251 phosphorylated AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) in a time and dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of AMPK blocked AM251-induced JNK/ATF3 phosphorylation. Expression of AMPK or treatment with AICAR (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxy-amide-1-d-ribofuranoside), an AMPK activator, activated the JNK/ATF3 pathways. Together, these results suggest that AM251 may have anti-tumor effects in hepatoma through activation of the AMPK-JNK-ATF3 signal pathway.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Jun 13|
- Cannabinoid antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology