Amorphous hydrated vanadium oxide with enlarged interlayer spacing for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

Bobae Ju, Hee Jo Song, Hyunseok Yoon, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (aqZIBs) are low cost and highly safe; however, the development of optimal cathode materials for them is challenging. Although layered vanadium oxides with high specific capacity have been extensively used as an aqZIB cathode material, the applicability of layered VO2·0.5H2O (VOH) as an aqZIB cathode material has not been investigated. In this light, herein, the electrochemical properties of a VOH cathode, prepared by a facile hydrothermal process, were examined and the applicability of the VOH cathode in aqZIBs was verified. VOH was electrochemically oxidized at high voltage during pre-charging; anodic oxidation caused a change in the valence state of VOH and induced an unexpected crystalline-to-amorphous phase transformation. Furthermore, the insertion of water in the pyramidal VO5 framework of oxidized VOH (ox-VOH) facilitated the highly reversible V3+/V5+ redox reaction with Zn ions. Moreover, ox-VOH was found to possess a highly stable amorphous phase and achieved high diffusion-controlled contribution at a low current density (50 mA g−1), affording superior, and stable long-term cyclability with ~88% retention after 240 cycles. These achievements signify a new milestone in developing suitable cathodes for high-performance aqZIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130528
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume420
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 15

Keywords

  • Amorphous phase
  • Anodic oxidation
  • Aqueous zinc-ion batteries
  • Hydrated vanadium oxide
  • Long-term cyclability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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