Amyloid beta detection by faradaic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy using interdigitated microelectrodes

Jin Soo Park, Hye Jin Kim, Ji Hoon Lee, Jung Ho Park, Jinsik Kim, Kyo Seon Hwang, Byung Chul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Faradaic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (f-EIS) in the presence of redox reagent, e.g., [Fe(CN)6]3-/4-, is widely used in biosensors owing to its high sensitivity. However, in sensors detecting amyloid beta (Aβ), the redox reagent can cause the aggregation of Aβ, which is a disturbance factor in accurate detection. Here, we propose an interdigitated microelectrode (IME) based f-EIS technique that can alleviate the aggregation of Aβ and achieve high sensitivity by buffer control. The proposed method was verified by analyzing three different EIS-based sensors: non-faradaic EIS (nf-EIS), f-EIS, and the proposed f-EIS with buffer control. We analyzed the equivalent circuits of nf-EIS and f-EIS sensors. The dominant factors of sensitivity were analyzed, and the impedance change rates via Aβ reaction was compared. We measured the sensitivity of the IME sensors based on nf-EIS, f-EIS, and the proposed f-EIS. The results demonstrate that the proposed EIS-based IME sensor can detect Aβ with a sensitivity of 7.40-fold and 10.93-fold higher than the nf-EIS and the f-EIS sensors, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number426
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Amyloid beta
  • Biosensor
  • Faradaic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • High sensitivity
  • Redox reagent
  • [Fe(CN)]

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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