An amplification of feedback from facial muscles strengthened sympathetic activations to emotional facial cues

In Seon Lee, Sung Soo Yoon, Soon Ho Lee, Hyejung Lee, Hi Joon Park, Christian Wallraven, Younbyoung Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that feedback from cutaneous and muscular afferents influences our emotions during the control of facial expressions. Enhancing facial expressiveness produces an increase in autonomic arousal and self-reported emotional experience, whereas limiting facial expression attenuates these responses. The present study investigated differences in autonomic responses during imitated versus observed facial expressions. Thus, we obtained the facial electromyogram (EMG) of the corrugator muscle, and measured the skin conductance response (SCR) and pupil size (PS) of participants while they were either imitating or simply observing emotional expressions of anger. We found that participants produced significantly greater responses across all three measures (EMG, SCR, and PS) during active imitation than during passive observation. These results show that amplified feedback from facial muscles during imitation strengthens sympathetic activation in response to negative emotional cues. Our findings suggest that manipulations of muscular feedback could be used to modulate the bodily expression of emotion, including autonomic responses to the emotional cues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalAutonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
Volume179
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Facial Muscles
Facial Expression
Cues
Electromyography
Pupil
Skin
Emotions
Anger
Arousal
Observation
Muscles

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Facial electromyogram
  • Facial feedback hypothesis
  • Skin conductance response
  • Sympathetic activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Cite this

An amplification of feedback from facial muscles strengthened sympathetic activations to emotional facial cues. / Lee, In Seon; Yoon, Sung Soo; Lee, Soon Ho; Lee, Hyejung; Park, Hi Joon; Wallraven, Christian; Chae, Younbyoung.

In: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, Vol. 179, No. 1-2, 01.01.2013, p. 37-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, In Seon ; Yoon, Sung Soo ; Lee, Soon Ho ; Lee, Hyejung ; Park, Hi Joon ; Wallraven, Christian ; Chae, Younbyoung. / An amplification of feedback from facial muscles strengthened sympathetic activations to emotional facial cues. In: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical. 2013 ; Vol. 179, No. 1-2. pp. 37-42.
@article{8c4beccc236442a49a2bdc13ba5f1e57,
title = "An amplification of feedback from facial muscles strengthened sympathetic activations to emotional facial cues",
abstract = "The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that feedback from cutaneous and muscular afferents influences our emotions during the control of facial expressions. Enhancing facial expressiveness produces an increase in autonomic arousal and self-reported emotional experience, whereas limiting facial expression attenuates these responses. The present study investigated differences in autonomic responses during imitated versus observed facial expressions. Thus, we obtained the facial electromyogram (EMG) of the corrugator muscle, and measured the skin conductance response (SCR) and pupil size (PS) of participants while they were either imitating or simply observing emotional expressions of anger. We found that participants produced significantly greater responses across all three measures (EMG, SCR, and PS) during active imitation than during passive observation. These results show that amplified feedback from facial muscles during imitation strengthens sympathetic activation in response to negative emotional cues. Our findings suggest that manipulations of muscular feedback could be used to modulate the bodily expression of emotion, including autonomic responses to the emotional cues.",
keywords = "Emotion, Facial electromyogram, Facial feedback hypothesis, Skin conductance response, Sympathetic activation",
author = "Lee, {In Seon} and Yoon, {Sung Soo} and Lee, {Soon Ho} and Hyejung Lee and Park, {Hi Joon} and Christian Wallraven and Younbyoung Chae",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.autneu.2013.06.009",
language = "English",
volume = "179",
pages = "37--42",
journal = "Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical",
issn = "1566-0702",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An amplification of feedback from facial muscles strengthened sympathetic activations to emotional facial cues

AU - Lee, In Seon

AU - Yoon, Sung Soo

AU - Lee, Soon Ho

AU - Lee, Hyejung

AU - Park, Hi Joon

AU - Wallraven, Christian

AU - Chae, Younbyoung

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that feedback from cutaneous and muscular afferents influences our emotions during the control of facial expressions. Enhancing facial expressiveness produces an increase in autonomic arousal and self-reported emotional experience, whereas limiting facial expression attenuates these responses. The present study investigated differences in autonomic responses during imitated versus observed facial expressions. Thus, we obtained the facial electromyogram (EMG) of the corrugator muscle, and measured the skin conductance response (SCR) and pupil size (PS) of participants while they were either imitating or simply observing emotional expressions of anger. We found that participants produced significantly greater responses across all three measures (EMG, SCR, and PS) during active imitation than during passive observation. These results show that amplified feedback from facial muscles during imitation strengthens sympathetic activation in response to negative emotional cues. Our findings suggest that manipulations of muscular feedback could be used to modulate the bodily expression of emotion, including autonomic responses to the emotional cues.

AB - The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that feedback from cutaneous and muscular afferents influences our emotions during the control of facial expressions. Enhancing facial expressiveness produces an increase in autonomic arousal and self-reported emotional experience, whereas limiting facial expression attenuates these responses. The present study investigated differences in autonomic responses during imitated versus observed facial expressions. Thus, we obtained the facial electromyogram (EMG) of the corrugator muscle, and measured the skin conductance response (SCR) and pupil size (PS) of participants while they were either imitating or simply observing emotional expressions of anger. We found that participants produced significantly greater responses across all three measures (EMG, SCR, and PS) during active imitation than during passive observation. These results show that amplified feedback from facial muscles during imitation strengthens sympathetic activation in response to negative emotional cues. Our findings suggest that manipulations of muscular feedback could be used to modulate the bodily expression of emotion, including autonomic responses to the emotional cues.

KW - Emotion

KW - Facial electromyogram

KW - Facial feedback hypothesis

KW - Skin conductance response

KW - Sympathetic activation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897105591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897105591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.autneu.2013.06.009

DO - 10.1016/j.autneu.2013.06.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 23891201

AN - SCOPUS:84897105591

VL - 179

SP - 37

EP - 42

JO - Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical

JF - Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical

SN - 1566-0702

IS - 1-2

ER -