An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical pacific boundary layer

Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A

G. Chen, D. Davis, J. Crawford, B. Heikes, D. O'Sullivan, Meehye Lee, F. Eisele, L. Mauldin, D. Tanner, J. Collins, J. Barrick, B. Anderson, D. Blake, J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, M. Carroll, G. Albercook, A. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reported are the results from a comparison of OH, H2O2CH3OOH, and O3 observations with model predictions based on current HOx-CH4 reaction mechanisms. The field observations are those recorded during the NASA GTE field program, PEM-Tropics A. The major focus of this paper is on those data generated on the NASA P-3B aircraft during a mission flown in the marine boundary layer (MBL) near Christmas Island, a site located in the centra l equatorial Pacific (i.e., 2°N, 157°W). Taking advantage of the stability of the southeastern trade-winds, an air parcel was sampled in a Lagrangian mode over a significant fraction of a solar day. Analyses of these data revealed excellent agreement between model simulated and observed OH. In addition, the model simulations reproduced the major features in the observed diurnal profiles of H2O2 and CH3OOH. In the case of O3, the model captured the key observational feature which involved an early morning maximum. An examination of the MBL HOx budget indicated that the O(1D) + H2O reaction is the major source of HOx while the major sinks involve both physical and chemical processes involving the peroxide species, H2O2 and CH3OOH. Overall, the generally good agreement between model and observations suggests that our current understanding of HOx-CH4 chemistry in the tropical MBL is quite good; however, there remains a need to critically examine this chemistry when both CH2O and HO2 are added to the species measured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-344
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr 17
Externally publishedYes

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Tropics
Boundary layers
boundary layer
simulation
NASA
trade wind
Peroxides
chemical process
aircraft
Aircraft
comparison
tropics
air
Air
prediction

Keywords

  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Marine boundary layer
  • Peroxides
  • Photochemistry
  • Tropical Pacific

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical pacific boundary layer : Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A. / Chen, G.; Davis, D.; Crawford, J.; Heikes, B.; O'Sullivan, D.; Lee, Meehye; Eisele, F.; Mauldin, L.; Tanner, D.; Collins, J.; Barrick, J.; Anderson, B.; Blake, D.; Bradshaw, J.; Sandholm, S.; Carroll, M.; Albercook, G.; Clarke, A.

In: Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 3, 17.04.2001, p. 317-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, G, Davis, D, Crawford, J, Heikes, B, O'Sullivan, D, Lee, M, Eisele, F, Mauldin, L, Tanner, D, Collins, J, Barrick, J, Anderson, B, Blake, D, Bradshaw, J, Sandholm, S, Carroll, M, Albercook, G & Clarke, A 2001, 'An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical pacific boundary layer: Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A', Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 317-344. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006402626288
Chen, G. ; Davis, D. ; Crawford, J. ; Heikes, B. ; O'Sullivan, D. ; Lee, Meehye ; Eisele, F. ; Mauldin, L. ; Tanner, D. ; Collins, J. ; Barrick, J. ; Anderson, B. ; Blake, D. ; Bradshaw, J. ; Sandholm, S. ; Carroll, M. ; Albercook, G. ; Clarke, A. / An assessment of HOx chemistry in the tropical pacific boundary layer : Comparison of model simulations with observations recorded during PEM tropics A. In: Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry. 2001 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 317-344.
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abstract = "Reported are the results from a comparison of OH, H2O2CH3OOH, and O3 observations with model predictions based on current HOx-CH4 reaction mechanisms. The field observations are those recorded during the NASA GTE field program, PEM-Tropics A. The major focus of this paper is on those data generated on the NASA P-3B aircraft during a mission flown in the marine boundary layer (MBL) near Christmas Island, a site located in the centra l equatorial Pacific (i.e., 2°N, 157°W). Taking advantage of the stability of the southeastern trade-winds, an air parcel was sampled in a Lagrangian mode over a significant fraction of a solar day. Analyses of these data revealed excellent agreement between model simulated and observed OH. In addition, the model simulations reproduced the major features in the observed diurnal profiles of H2O2 and CH3OOH. In the case of O3, the model captured the key observational feature which involved an early morning maximum. An examination of the MBL HOx budget indicated that the O(1D) + H2O reaction is the major source of HOx while the major sinks involve both physical and chemical processes involving the peroxide species, H2O2 and CH3OOH. Overall, the generally good agreement between model and observations suggests that our current understanding of HOx-CH4 chemistry in the tropical MBL is quite good; however, there remains a need to critically examine this chemistry when both CH2O and HO2 are added to the species measured.",
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AU - Lee, Meehye

AU - Eisele, F.

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AU - Collins, J.

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AU - Anderson, B.

AU - Blake, D.

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