An easy approach to obtain large piezoelectric constant in high-quality transparent ceramics by normal sintering process in modified potassium sodium niobate ceramics

Attaur Rahman, Seonhwa Park, Yuho Min, Geon Tae Hwang, Jong Jin Choi, Byung Dong Hahn, Kyung Hoon Cho, Sahn Nahm, Cheol Woo Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


It is well-known that the chemical modification of (K,Na)NbO3 (KNN)-based ceramics (KNNs) by the addition of Bi2O3, or other aliovalent ions could decrease grain size and increases the crystal isotropic nature, namely, the pseudo-cubic phase since the sintered specimens could be transparent. However, due to the small grain size and pseudo-cubic phase, the transparent specimens have low piezoelectric properties. For obtaining better transparent and piezoelectric properties simultaneously, the starting KNNs composition must be selected with small grain size and high piezoelectric properties for Bi2O3 modification. In this study, a high transmittance 52 % was measured at the wavelength of 800 nm, simultaneously with large piezoelectric constant (d33 = 125 pC/N) by normal sintering method in KNLTN + 1.5 mol.% Bi2O3 composition. The origin of high transmittance simultaneously with large piezoelectric constant might be due to the small reduction in grain size, owing to the small grain size of starting KNLTN composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2989-2995
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul


  • Crystal structure
  • Microstructure
  • Pb-free ceramic
  • Piezoelectric properties
  • Transparent ceramic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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