An efficient and stable compact fourth-order finite difference scheme for the phase field crystal equation

Yibao Li, Junseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present a high-order accurate compact scheme for the phase field crystal model in two- and three-dimensional spaces. The proposed scheme is derived by combining a fourth-order compact finite difference formula in space and a backward differentiation for the time derivative term, which is second-order accurate in time. Furthermore, a nonlinearly stabilized splitting scheme is used and thus a larger time step can be allowed. Since the equations at the implicit time level are nonlinear, we introduce a Newton-type iterative method and employ a fast and efficient nonlinear multigrid solver to solve the resulting discrete system. In particular, we implement the compact scheme in the adaptive mesh refinement framework. An adaptive time step method for the phase field crystal model is also proposed. Various numerical experiments are presented and confirm the accuracy, stability, and efficiency of our proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-216
Number of pages23
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Volume319
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1

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crystal field theory
Crystals
Iterative methods
Derivatives
Experiments
newton

Keywords

  • Adaptive mesh refinement
  • Adaptive time-stepping
  • Fourth-order compact scheme
  • Phase-field crystal equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, we present a high-order accurate compact scheme for the phase field crystal model in two- and three-dimensional spaces. The proposed scheme is derived by combining a fourth-order compact finite difference formula in space and a backward differentiation for the time derivative term, which is second-order accurate in time. Furthermore, a nonlinearly stabilized splitting scheme is used and thus a larger time step can be allowed. Since the equations at the implicit time level are nonlinear, we introduce a Newton-type iterative method and employ a fast and efficient nonlinear multigrid solver to solve the resulting discrete system. In particular, we implement the compact scheme in the adaptive mesh refinement framework. An adaptive time step method for the phase field crystal model is also proposed. Various numerical experiments are presented and confirm the accuracy, stability, and efficiency of our proposed method.",
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AB - In this paper, we present a high-order accurate compact scheme for the phase field crystal model in two- and three-dimensional spaces. The proposed scheme is derived by combining a fourth-order compact finite difference formula in space and a backward differentiation for the time derivative term, which is second-order accurate in time. Furthermore, a nonlinearly stabilized splitting scheme is used and thus a larger time step can be allowed. Since the equations at the implicit time level are nonlinear, we introduce a Newton-type iterative method and employ a fast and efficient nonlinear multigrid solver to solve the resulting discrete system. In particular, we implement the compact scheme in the adaptive mesh refinement framework. An adaptive time step method for the phase field crystal model is also proposed. Various numerical experiments are presented and confirm the accuracy, stability, and efficiency of our proposed method.

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