An energy efficient VPP generator with fast ramp-up time for mobile DRAM

Kyu Young Kim, Yonghwan Kim, Doo Chan Lee, Yu Ri Kang, Hoonki Kim, Soo Won Kim, Jongsun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An energy efficient VPP generator with fast ramp-up time for mobile DRAM is presented in this paper. Instead of using a fixed pumping clock frequency as in the conventional VPP generator, the proposed V PP generator adopts a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) and uses variable pumping frequencies to improve the ramp-up time as well as energy efficiency. Numerical results show that the VCO based VPP generators achieve energy savings of up to 34% with 40% improvement on ramp-up time when compared to the conventional ring oscillator (RO) based design. Our proposed VPP generator, which uses a three-stage voltage doubler as a charge pump, was implemented and fabricated in CMOS 0.13 μm process. The V PP generator chip's core occupies 0.6 mm2 area and consumes 1162 nJ (average power of 47.8 mW during 24 μs ramp-up time) while generating 3.0 V output voltage with 1.0 nF load capacitor, 2.0 mA current load and 1.2 V supply voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5767518
Pages (from-to)1488-1494
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun


  • Charge pump
  • V generator
  • mobile DRAM
  • voltage controlled oscillator
  • voltage doubler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'An energy efficient V<sub>PP</sub> generator with fast ramp-up time for mobile DRAM'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this