An enhanced protein-protein interaction based on enzymatic complex through replacement of the recognition site

Sang Duck Jeon, Su Jung Kim, Sung Hyun Park, Gi Wook Choi, Sung Ok Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clostridium cellulovorans, produce multi-enzymatic complexes known as cellulosomes, which assemble via the interaction of a dockerin module in the cellulosomal subunit with one of the several cohesin modules in the scaffolding protein, to degrade the plant cell wall polymer. An enhanced cohesin-dockerin interaction was demonstrated by modified certain cellulosomal enzymes with altered amino acid residues at the crucial binding site, 11th and 12th positions in dockerin module. In fluorescence intensity analyses using the cellulosome-based biomarker system, the modified cellulosomal enzymes (EngE SL to AI and EngH SM to AI) showed an increased intensity (1.4- to 2.2-fold) compared with the wild-type proteins. Conversely, modified ExgS (AI to SM) exhibited a reduced intensity (0.6- to 0.7-fold) compared with the wild type. In enzyme-linked and competitive enzyme-linked interaction assays, the some modified protein (EngE SL to AI and EngH SM to AI) showed their increased binding affinity toward the cohesins (Coh2 and Coh9). Surface plasmon resonance analysis quantitatively demonstrated the binding affinity of these two modified proteins toward cohesins showed similar or higher affinity comparing with its with wild type proteins. These results suggest the replacement of amino acid residues in the certain recognition site significantly affects the binding affinity of the cohesin-dockerin interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Cellulosome
  • Clostridium cellulovorans
  • Cohesin-dockerin interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology

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