An evaluation of marginal fit of three-unit fixed dental prostheses fabricated by direct metal laser sintering system

Ki Baek Kim, Woong Chul Kim, Hae-Young Kim, Ji Hwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives This in vitro study aimed to evaluate and compare marginal fit of three-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) fabricated using a newly developed direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) system with that of three-unit FDPs by a conventional lost wax technique (LW) method. Methods Ten cobalt-chromium alloy three-unit FDPs using DMLS system and another ten nickel-chromium alloy FDPs using LW method were fabricated. Marginal fit was examined using a light-body silicone. After setting, the silicon film was cut into four parts and the thickness of silicon layer was measured at 160× magnification using a digital microscope to measure absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD), marginal gap (MG) and internal gap (IG). A repeated measure ANOVA for statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS statistical package version 12.0 (α = 0.05). Results The mean values of AMD, MG, and IG were significantly larger in the DMLS group than in the LW group (p < 0.001). Means of AMD, MG and IG in the first molars were 83.3, 80.0, and 82.0 μm in the LW group; and 128.0, 112.0, and 159.5 μm in the DMLS group, respectively. No significant difference between measurements for premolars and molars was found (p > 0.05). Significance The marginal fit of the DMLS system appeared significantly inferior compared to that of the conventional LW method and slightly larger than the acceptable range. For clinical application further improvement of DMLS system may be required.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 1



  • Absolute marginal discrepancy
  • Direct metal laser sintering
  • Internal gap
  • Marginal gap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this