An IgE-Mediated allergic reaction caused by mulberry fruit

Jong Hyun Choi, Jae Kyoem Sim, Jee Youn Oh, Gyu Young Hur, Kyung Hoon Min, Sung Yong Lee, Jae Jeong Shim, Kyung Ho Kang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mulberry (Morus spp.) is a widespread deciduous tree and its fruit is commonly eaten in Korea and eastern Asia. Some reports demonstrate that mulberry fruit is a food allergen in the Mediterranean area. However, there has been no report of systemic allergic reactions after ingesting mulberry fruit in Korea. An 18-year-old boy with a mulberry fruit allergy visited our allergy clinic. He had experienced generalized urticaria, chest tightness, breathing difficulty, and abdominal cramping after ingesting mulberry fruit. The patient had a positive skin reaction to mulberry fruit extract (mean wheal size, 5 mm). We performed an ELISA to detect specific IgE antibody (Ab) to mulberry fruit extract in the patient's serum compared to those of non-atopic healthy controls and birch-sensitized individuals. Specific IgE Ab to mulberry fruit extract was detected in the patient's serum, as compared to non-atopic healthy controls. Another subject, who was strongly sensitized to birch pollen, also had a positive serum-specific IgE Ab to mulberry fruit. We performed IgE immunoblot analysis using the patient's and the other subject's sera, who had serum-specific IgE to mulberry fruit, to identify the IgE-binding component. An identical IgE-binding component to mulberry extract was detected in the two subjects at around 17 kDa, and which might be PR 10 of Bet v 1. In conclusion, mulberry fruit could induce a systemic allergic reaction through an IgE-mediated mechanism, and cross-reactivity might occur between mulberry fruit and birch pollen.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)195-198
    Number of pages4
    JournalAllergy, Asthma and Immunology Research
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Allergen
    • Food allergy
    • IgE
    • Mulberry

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology
    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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