The technology to send a magnetic field in a particular direction, known as energy beamforming, has been recently introduced as a magnetic field shaping technology in nonradiative wireless power transmission. In general, one of the most efficient conditions for energy beamforming is that the magnetic fields induced by each antenna should be synthesized to head the same direction. To synthesize the magnetic fields induced at each antenna, interference by mutual inductance that can occur between transmitting (TX) antennas should be minimized. In addition, energy should not be exchanged between the TXs, otherwise it lowers the transmission efficiencies of TX and receiving antenna. In this paper, we present an optimal antenna structure that minimizes the mutual inductance between two TX antennas. First, we have analyzed the mutual inductance between TX antennas that have asymmetric sizes with different antenna lengths and arrangement angles. The directivity of the magnetic field vector is also investigated through an experimental analysis of an antenna structure. Finally, it has been verified that the optimal TX antennas for energy beamforming should be symmetric, which means that all the length of antennas are same and disposed perpendicular to each other. The experimental results show that the deviations of magnetic field directivity for symmetric and asymmetric antennas are 0.045 and 0.355, respectively, which shows that the symmetric structure shows 8.2 times larger consistency over the asymmetric structure.
- Beamforming antenna
- energy beamforming
- magnetic field shaping
- wireless power antenna
- wireless power transfer (WPT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering