Analysis of audio-vestibular assessment in acute low-tone hearing loss

Gi Jung Im, Sung Kyun Kim, June Choi, Jae-Jun Song, Sungwon Chae, Hak Hyun Jung

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Abstract: Conclusion This study demonstrated excellent hearing recovery following the combined treatment of diuretic and oral steroid, and electrocochleography (ECoG) was significantly higher than normal side. This study reports characteristics of acute low-tone hearing loss (ALHL) that show the greater low-tone hearing loss, the higher ECoG, and excellent recovery, even-though low-tone hearing loss is worse, which can be different compared with sudden deafness. Objective To analyze ALHL without vertigo, this study compared the ALHL group with all patients exhibiting low-tone hearing loss and ear fullness. Hearing changes and vestibular functions were analyzed. Materials and methods ALHL was defined as a mean hearing loss of ≥ 30 dB at 125, 250, and 500 Hz, and ≤ 20 dB at 2, 4, and 8 kHz. From 156 cases of low-tone hearing loss of more than 10 dB without vertigo, 31 met the ALHL criteria and were subjected to audio-vestibular assessments including PTA, ECoG, vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing, and caloric testing. Results In ALHL, low-tone hearing loss was 42.7 ± 9.5 dB, and 83.9% of ALHL significantly recovered by more than 10 dB. The ECoG in ALHL was 0.334 ± 0.11 (higher than 0.25 ± 0.08 on the normal side) and ECoG abnormality was 35.5% (the greater low-tone hearing loss, the higher ECoG value).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)649-654
    Number of pages6
    JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
    Volume136
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 2

    Keywords

    • Acute low-tone hearing loss
    • diuretics
    • electrocochleography
    • Meniere’s disease
    • steroids

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Otorhinolaryngology

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