Analysis of developmental chronology of south korean compressed growth as a reference from sustainable development perspectives

Sea Jin Kim, Woo Kyun Lee, Jun Young Ahn, Wona Lee, Soo Jeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Global challenges including overpopulation, climate change, and income inequality have increased, and a demand for sustainability has emerged. Decision-making for sustainable development is multifaceted and interlinked, owing to the diverse interests of different stakeholders and political conflicts. Analysing a situation from all social, political, environmental, and economic perspectives is necessary to achieve balanced growth and facilitate sustainable development. South Korea was among the poorest countries following the Korean War; however, it has developed rapidly since 1955. This growth was not limited to economic development alone, and the chronology of South Korean development may serve as a reference for development in other countries. Here, we explore the compressed growth of South Korea using a narrative approach and time-series, comparative, and spatial analyses. Developmental indicators, along with the modern history of South Korea, are introduced to explain the reasons for compressed growth. The development of the mid-latitude region comprising 46 countries in this study, where nearly half of Earth’s population resides, was compared with that of South Korea; results show that the developmental chronology of South Korea can serve as a reference for national development in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1905
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 2


  • Compressed development
  • Mid-latitude region
  • Reference analysis
  • South Korea
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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