Analysis of multi-omics data on the relationship between epigenetic changes and nervous system disorders caused by exposure to environmentally harmful substances

So Yeon Yu, Eun Jung Koh, Seung Hwan Kim, Byeongwook Song, Ji Su Lee, Sang Wook Son, Hyemyung Seo, Seung Yong Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Environmentally hazardous substances and exposure to these can cause various diseases. Volatile organic compounds can easily evaporate into the atmosphere, thereby exerting toxic effects through either the skin or respiratory tract exposures. Toluene, a neurotoxin, has been widely used in various industries. However, it has a detrimental effect on the nervous system (such as hallucinations or memory impairment), while data on the mechanism underlaying its harmful effects remain limited. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of toluene on the nervous system via epigenetic and genetic changes of toluene-exposed individuals. We identified significant epigenetic changes and confirmed that the affected abnormally expressed genes negatively influenced the nervous system. In particular, we confirmed that the miR-15 family, upregulated by toluene, downregulated ABL2, which could affect the R as signaling pathway resulting in neuronal structural abnormalities. Our study suggests that miR-15a-5p, miR-15b-5p, miR-16-5p, miR-301a-3p, and lncRNA NEAT1 may represent effective epigenomic markers associated with neurodegenerative diseases caused by toluene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-813
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

Keywords

  • epigenetic
  • neurodegenerative diseases
  • noncoding RNA
  • Ras signaling
  • toluene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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