Anatomic characteristics of pronator quadratus muscle: A cadaver study

Phil Woo Choung, Min Young Kim, Hyung Soon Im, Ki Hoon Kim, Im Joo Rhyu, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To identify the anatomic characteristics of the pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle and the entry zone (EZ) of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to this muscle by means of cadaver dissection. Methods We examined the PQ muscle and AIN in 20 forearms from 10 fresh cadavers. After identifying the PQ muscle and the EZ of the AIN, we measured the distances from the midpoint (MidP) of the PQ muscle and EZ to the vertical line passing the tip of the ulnar styloid process (MidP_X and EZ_X, respectively) and to the medial border of the ulna (MidP_Y and EZ_Y, respectively). Forearm length (FL) and wrist width (WW) were also measured, and the ratios of MidP and EZ to FL and of MidP and EZ to WW were calculated. Results The MidP was found to be 3.0 cm proximal to the ulnar styloid process or distal 13% of the FL and 2.0 cm lateral to the medial border of the ulna or ulnar 40% side of the WW, which was similar to the location of EZ. The results reveal a more distal site than was reported in previous studies. Conclusion We suggest that the proper site for needle insertion and motor point block of the PQ muscle is 3 cm proximal to the ulnar styloid process or distal 13% of the FL and 2 cm lateral to the medial border of the ulna or\ ulnar 40% side of the WW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-501
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cadaver
  • Electromyography
  • Median nerve
  • Pronator quadratus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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