Anatomic double-bundle reconstruction techniques result in graft obliquities that closely mimic the native anterior cruciate ligament anatomy

Bong Soo Kyung, Jae Gyoon Kim, Minho Chang, Ki-Mo Jang, Sung Sahn Lee, Jin Hwan Ahn, Joon Ho Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It has been reported previously that single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with more accurate restoration of the footprint of the native ACL fails to restore the graft obliquity of the native ACL in the coronal plane. Whether double-bundle ACL reconstruction restores the graft obliquity of each bundle of the native ACL has not yet been determined. Hypothesis: Anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction using transportal (TP) and outside-in (OI) techniques can restore the graft obliquities of both anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles in the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: Seventy-six patients underwent anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Patients were randomized to 2 groups to undergo either TP or OI tibial tunnel-independent anatomic ACL reconstruction. All participants underwent postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of both knees, and the native ACL obliquity was determined using the participant's contralateral knee. Graft obliquities were determined by measuring the angles between the center line of the graft and the surface line of the tibial plateau, and the obliquities of paired knees were compared. Graft obliquities were analyzed in each group. Results: In the sagittal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 54.2° on the operated side and 54.6° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was not statistically significant (P = .352). The mean PL graft obliquity in the sagittal plane was 54.1° on the operated side and 53.0° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was also not statistically significant (P = .228). In the coronal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 73.8° on the operated side and 73.4° on the nonoperated side, and the mean PL graft obliquity was 65.5° on the operated side and 66.4° on the nonoperated side. There were no statistically significant differences between sides (P = .418 for AM graft; P = .328 for PL graft). Differences in the paired graft obliquities in each group were also statistically insignificant between the TP and OI groups. Conclusion: Both TP and OI anatomic double-bundle reconstruction techniques can result in graft obliquities in both bundles that resemble the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Clinical Relevance: Double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques might more closely restore the normal kinematics of the native ACL by restoring the normal obliquity of both ACL bundles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1302-1309
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 17

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Anatomy
Transplants
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Knee
Biomechanical Phenomena

Keywords

  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • graft obliquity
  • outside-in technique
  • transportal technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Anatomic double-bundle reconstruction techniques result in graft obliquities that closely mimic the native anterior cruciate ligament anatomy. / Kyung, Bong Soo; Kim, Jae Gyoon; Chang, Minho; Jang, Ki-Mo; Lee, Sung Sahn; Ahn, Jin Hwan; Wang, Joon Ho.

In: American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 6, 17.06.2013, p. 1302-1309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kyung, Bong Soo

AU - Kim, Jae Gyoon

AU - Chang, Minho

AU - Jang, Ki-Mo

AU - Lee, Sung Sahn

AU - Ahn, Jin Hwan

AU - Wang, Joon Ho

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N2 - Background: It has been reported previously that single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with more accurate restoration of the footprint of the native ACL fails to restore the graft obliquity of the native ACL in the coronal plane. Whether double-bundle ACL reconstruction restores the graft obliquity of each bundle of the native ACL has not yet been determined. Hypothesis: Anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction using transportal (TP) and outside-in (OI) techniques can restore the graft obliquities of both anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles in the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: Seventy-six patients underwent anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Patients were randomized to 2 groups to undergo either TP or OI tibial tunnel-independent anatomic ACL reconstruction. All participants underwent postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of both knees, and the native ACL obliquity was determined using the participant's contralateral knee. Graft obliquities were determined by measuring the angles between the center line of the graft and the surface line of the tibial plateau, and the obliquities of paired knees were compared. Graft obliquities were analyzed in each group. Results: In the sagittal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 54.2° on the operated side and 54.6° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was not statistically significant (P = .352). The mean PL graft obliquity in the sagittal plane was 54.1° on the operated side and 53.0° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was also not statistically significant (P = .228). In the coronal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 73.8° on the operated side and 73.4° on the nonoperated side, and the mean PL graft obliquity was 65.5° on the operated side and 66.4° on the nonoperated side. There were no statistically significant differences between sides (P = .418 for AM graft; P = .328 for PL graft). Differences in the paired graft obliquities in each group were also statistically insignificant between the TP and OI groups. Conclusion: Both TP and OI anatomic double-bundle reconstruction techniques can result in graft obliquities in both bundles that resemble the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Clinical Relevance: Double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques might more closely restore the normal kinematics of the native ACL by restoring the normal obliquity of both ACL bundles.

AB - Background: It has been reported previously that single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with more accurate restoration of the footprint of the native ACL fails to restore the graft obliquity of the native ACL in the coronal plane. Whether double-bundle ACL reconstruction restores the graft obliquity of each bundle of the native ACL has not yet been determined. Hypothesis: Anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction using transportal (TP) and outside-in (OI) techniques can restore the graft obliquities of both anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles in the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: Seventy-six patients underwent anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Patients were randomized to 2 groups to undergo either TP or OI tibial tunnel-independent anatomic ACL reconstruction. All participants underwent postoperative magnetic resonance imaging of both knees, and the native ACL obliquity was determined using the participant's contralateral knee. Graft obliquities were determined by measuring the angles between the center line of the graft and the surface line of the tibial plateau, and the obliquities of paired knees were compared. Graft obliquities were analyzed in each group. Results: In the sagittal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 54.2° on the operated side and 54.6° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was not statistically significant (P = .352). The mean PL graft obliquity in the sagittal plane was 54.1° on the operated side and 53.0° on the nonoperated side, and the difference between sides was also not statistically significant (P = .228). In the coronal plane, the mean AM graft obliquity was 73.8° on the operated side and 73.4° on the nonoperated side, and the mean PL graft obliquity was 65.5° on the operated side and 66.4° on the nonoperated side. There were no statistically significant differences between sides (P = .418 for AM graft; P = .328 for PL graft). Differences in the paired graft obliquities in each group were also statistically insignificant between the TP and OI groups. Conclusion: Both TP and OI anatomic double-bundle reconstruction techniques can result in graft obliquities in both bundles that resemble the native ACL in both sagittal and coronal planes. Clinical Relevance: Double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques might more closely restore the normal kinematics of the native ACL by restoring the normal obliquity of both ACL bundles.

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KW - double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

KW - graft obliquity

KW - outside-in technique

KW - transportal technique

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