Annexin-I (ANX-I) is a 37-kDa protein with a calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding property. Previously we have observed the inhibition of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) by ANX-I in the studies using purified recombinant ANX-I, and proposed a specific interaction model for the mechanism of cPLA2 inhibition by ANX-I [Kim et al. (1994) FEBS Lett. 343, 251-255]. Here we have studied the role of ANX-I in the cPLA2 signaling pathway by transient transfection assay. The stimulation of Rat2 fibroblast cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) induced the c-fos serum response element (SRE). The SRE stimulation by PMA was dramatically reduced by (1) pretreatment with a cPLA2-specific inhibitor, arachidonyltrifluoromethyl ketone, or (2) co-transfection with antisense cPLA2 oligonucleotide, indicating that the SRE activation was through cPLA2 activation. Co-transfection with an ANX-I expression vector also reduced the SRE stimulation by PMA, suggesting the inhibition of cPLA2 by ANX-I. The active domain of ANX-I was mapped using various deletion mutants. ANX-I(1-113) and ANX-I(34-346) were fully active, whereas ANX-I(114-346) abolished the activity. Therefore the activity was in the amino acid 34 to 113 region, which corresponds to the conserved domain I of ANX-I. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
- c-fos serum response element
- Cytosolic phospholipase A2
- Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology