Anthropogenic disturbances consistently favor the high-yield strategists of soil bacterial community in the Eurasian steppe

Yi Fan, Tingting Li, Wei Liu, Minjie Xu, Shuang Pang, Zijia Zhang, Lihua Zhang, Yowhan Son, Ximei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Multiple anthropogenic disturbances, such as climate warming and nitrogen deposition are affecting terrestrial ecosystems. Different disturbances may have some consistent effects on the soil microbial community, which remains largely unexplored. Methods: We mimicked 16 anthropogenic disturbances in a steppe ecosystem, and measured the absolute abundance and taxonomic composition of soil bacterial communities with qPCR and amplicon sequencing, respectively. Results: We found that while the absolute abundance of each of the four dominant bacterial phyla did not show a consistent response to these disturbances, that of the five subdominant phyla showed a consistent increase. Meanwhile, these disturbances consistently stimulated the relative abundances of metabolic functions for high-growth-yield, including the transport/metabolism of amino acids and carbohydrates. Stochastic processes (e.g., random birth) played more critical roles in structuring the subdominant than dominant phyla, and the disturbances promoted the stochastic processes. Conclusions: Overall, the high-yield traits and stochasticity of subdominant phyla led to their positive responses to disturbances. Furthermore, our findings indicate that the intensifying human activities are likely to cause a high-yield-strategies-toward shift in soil microbial composition in the Eurasian steppe ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalAnnals of Microbiology
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Disturbance
  • Grassland
  • Metagenome
  • Stochasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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