Anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects of 3-epi-iso- seco-tanapartholide isolated from artemisia argyi against iodixanol-induced kidney epithelial cell death

Dahae Lee, Kem Ok Kim, Dongho Lee, Ki Sung Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Iodixanol is a non-ionic iso-osmolar contrast agent, but it is a risk factor for kidney damage and increases morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated the effect of 9 sesquiterpenes isolated from mugwort (Artemisia argyi) in contrast agent-induced cytotoxicity in LLC-PK1 cells. Cells were exposed to nine sesquiterpene compounds for 2 h, followed by incubation with iodixanol for 3 h. Cell viability was assessed using the Ez-Cytox assay. The level of reactive oxygen species was measured using 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining. Apoptotic cell death was detected using annexin V/PI staining. In addition, immunofluorescence staining and western blotting were performed using antibodies against proteins related to apoptosis, oxidative stress, and MAPK pathways. The most effective 3-epi-iso-seco-tanapartholide (compound 8) among the 9 sesquiterpene compounds protected LLC-PK1 cells from iodixanol-induced cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, and apoptotic cell death. Pretreatment with compound 8 reversed iodixanol-induced increases in the expression of JNK, ERK, p38, Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-9. It also reversed the iodixanol-induced decrease in Bcl-2 expression. Furthermore, pretreatment with compound 8 caused nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and upregulated HO-1 via the Nrf2 pathway in iodixanol-treated LLC-PK1 cells. Thus, we demonstrated here that compound 8 isolated from A. argyi has the potential to effectively prevent iodixanol-induced kidney epithelial cell death via the caspase- 3/MAPK pathways and HO-1 via the Nrf2 pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Article number867
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalBiomolecules
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 5

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Contrast agent
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Iodixanol
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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