Anti-stress effects of chewing gum prepared with yeast hydrolysate

Hyung Joo Suh, Seong Yeong Kim, Un Jae Chang, Jin Man Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the anti-stress effects of chewing gum prepared with yeast hydrolysate (SCP) in the general Korean population using heart rate value (HRV) analysis and the Beck depression inventory (BDI) and Beck anxiety inventory (BAI). Four different kinds of chewing gum (weight 960 ± 2 mg) were designed: three with different concentrations of SCP (30, 85, and 250 mg/piece) combined with xylitol and a placebo chewing gum. Displacement studies of 3H-paroxetine showed that SCP interacted with serotonin transporters with an IC50 of 1.72 mg/mL. In the placebo group, there were significant differences in the BDI and BAI scores before and after chewing gum (p < 0.05). There were also significant differences in the SCP groups in BDI and/or BAI scores between before and after chewing gum (p < 0.05). In addition, the SCP-30 and 85 groups were significantly different in low frequency (LF) or standard deviation of RR interval (SDNN) value, respectively, before and after the act of chewing gum (p < 0.05). After the chewing gum tests, some HRV (HR, SDNN, TP, and HF) were significantly different between the groups. In particular, the SCP-85 group was significantly different in HR, SDNN, TP, and HF compared to the placebo group (p < 0.05). In the improvement of BAI and BDI scores after the chewing gum test, the SCP-30 and SCP-250 groups exhibited significant improvements in BAI scores compared to placebo (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that SCP intake may be associated with a reduced risk of depression and stress. The SCP might have a synergistic effect on the anti-stress properties of chewing gum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Food Research and Technology
Volume227
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 1

Fingerprint

chewing gum
Mastication
Chewing Gum
hydrolysates
Yeast
Yeasts
yeasts
Equipment and Supplies
anxiety
Anxiety
placebos
Depression
Placebos
heart rate
Heart Rate
Xylitol
xylitol
Paroxetine
Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
Value engineering

Keywords

  • Anti-stress
  • BAI
  • BDI
  • Chewing gum
  • HRV
  • Yeast hydrolysate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Anti-stress effects of chewing gum prepared with yeast hydrolysate. / Suh, Hyung Joo; Kim, Seong Yeong; Chang, Un Jae; Kim, Jin Man.

In: European Food Research and Technology, Vol. 227, No. 2, 01.06.2008, p. 331-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suh, Hyung Joo ; Kim, Seong Yeong ; Chang, Un Jae ; Kim, Jin Man. / Anti-stress effects of chewing gum prepared with yeast hydrolysate. In: European Food Research and Technology. 2008 ; Vol. 227, No. 2. pp. 331-336.
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