Antimicrobial activities of organic acid vapors against Acidovorax citrulli, Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes on Cucurbitaceae seeds

Hye Jung Shin, Hoikyung Kim, Larry R. Beuchat, Jee Hoon Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated the antimicrobial activities of organic acid vapors against a phytopathogen (Acidovorax citrulli) and foodborne pathogens (Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes) on the surface of Cucurbitaceae seeds. Germination percentages of cucumber, honeydew melon and watermelon seeds treated with acetic and propionic acid vapors (100 mg/L) at 50 °C and 43% or 85% relative humidity (RH) for up to 2 h did not significantly (P > 0.05) decrease. Treatment with formic acid significantly (P ≤ 0.05) decreased the germination percentage. The antimicrobial activities of acetic and propionic acid vapors (100 mg/L; 50 °C; 43% or 85% RH) were determined. A. citrulli was inactivated within 1 h on cucumber and watermelon seeds, regardless of type of organic acid or RH. The phytopathogen was reduced to levels below the detection limit (−0.5 log CFU/g) for enrichment on honeydew melon seeds treated with acetic acid vapor. S. enterica and L. monocytogenes were inactivated within 2 h at 85% RH on honeydew melon and watermelon seeds treated with acetic acid and propionic acid vapors. E. coli O157: H7 was inactivated by treatment with acetic acid vapor at 85% RH. This study provides useful information for developing a method to decontaminate Curcurbitaceae seeds using organic acid vapors as lethal agents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103569
JournalFood Microbiology
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Acetic acid vapor
  • Acidovorax citrulli
  • Cucurbitaceae seeds
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Propionic acid vapor
  • Salmonella enterica
  • Seed decontamination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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