This study aimed at using essential oil (EO) alone or combined EO with nisin and γ-irradiation to control Salmonella Typhimurium during the refrigerated storage of mini-carrots. Peeled mini-carrots were inoculated with S. Typhimurium at a final concentration of approximately 7 log CFU/g. Inoculated samples were coated by 5 different coating solutions: (i) nisin solution at final concentration of 103 IU/mL; (ii) mountain savory EO solution at 0.35%; (iii) carvacrol solution at 0.35%; (iv) mountain savory EO at 0.35% plus nisin solution of 103 IU/mL; or (v) carvacrol at 0.35% plus nisin solution of 103 IU/mL. Coated mini-carrots were then irradiated at 0.5 or 1.0 kGy and compared to an unirradiated control sample. Samples were kept at 4 °C and microbial analyses were conducted at days 1, 3, 6, and 9. The results showed that mini-carrots coated by carvacrol plus nisin solution or mountain savory EO plus nisin solution in combination with irradiation at 1.0 kGy completely eliminated S. Typhimurium to under the detection limit during the storage. Thus, the combined treatments using carvacrol plus nisin or mountain savory EO plus nisin coating solution and irradiation at 1.0 kGy could be used as an effective method for controlling S. Typhimurium in mini-carrots. Practical Application: This study shows the effect of using γ irradiation at low dose (1 kGy) to reduce significantly the growth of Salmonella typhimurium in mini-carrots. It also shows that combination of nisin, essential oils with γ irradiation have the best antibacterial effects against S. Typhimurium during the storage of mini-carrots. The results can be used for practical application in food industry in terms of food safety.
- Mountain savory essential oil
- Salmonella Typhimurium
- γ irradiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science