Antiobesity effects of quercetin-rich onion peel extract on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the adipogenesis in high fat-fed rats

Jiyoung Moon, Hyun Ju Do, Oh Yoen Kim, Min-Jeong Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of quercetin-rich onion peel extract (OPE) on anti-differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the antiobesity in high-fat fed rats. We found that lipid accumulations and TG contents in 3T3-L1 cells were markedly suppressed by OPE. The mRNA levels of activating protein (AP2) were down-regulated and those of carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 α (CPT-1α) and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) were up-regulated by 75 and 100. μg/ml OPE. Body weight, retroperitoneal and mesenteric fat weights of SD rats were significantly lower in the 8. week high fat (HF) diet. +. 0.72% OPE group than in the HF group. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ mRNA levels were down-regulated in the epididymal fat of OPE than those of control and HF, and significant down-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)α mRNA levels in OPE was also observed than the control. The mRNA levels of CPT-1α and uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) were up-regulated by the OPE, while those of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) were down-regulated in HF and OPE groups compared to control group. These results suggest that quercentin-enriched OPE may have antiobesity effects by suppressing preadipocyte differentiation and inhibiting adipogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-354
Number of pages8
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Adipogenesis
Onions
Quercetin
onions
quercetin
Rats
Fats
rats
extracts
lipids
Messenger RNA
Carnitine
carnitine palmitoyltransferase
Transferases
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Fatty Acid Synthases
Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
3T3-L1 Cells

Keywords

  • 3T3-L1
  • Adipogenesis
  • Antiobesity
  • High-fat diet
  • Onion peel extract
  • Quercetin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Antiobesity effects of quercetin-rich onion peel extract on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the adipogenesis in high fat-fed rats. / Moon, Jiyoung; Do, Hyun Ju; Kim, Oh Yoen; Shin, Min-Jeong.

In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 58, 01.08.2013, p. 347-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of quercetin-rich onion peel extract (OPE) on anti-differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the antiobesity in high-fat fed rats. We found that lipid accumulations and TG contents in 3T3-L1 cells were markedly suppressed by OPE. The mRNA levels of activating protein (AP2) were down-regulated and those of carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 α (CPT-1α) and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) were up-regulated by 75 and 100. μg/ml OPE. Body weight, retroperitoneal and mesenteric fat weights of SD rats were significantly lower in the 8. week high fat (HF) diet. +. 0.72{\%} OPE group than in the HF group. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ mRNA levels were down-regulated in the epididymal fat of OPE than those of control and HF, and significant down-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)α mRNA levels in OPE was also observed than the control. The mRNA levels of CPT-1α and uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) were up-regulated by the OPE, while those of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) were down-regulated in HF and OPE groups compared to control group. These results suggest that quercentin-enriched OPE may have antiobesity effects by suppressing preadipocyte differentiation and inhibiting adipogenesis.",
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