Antioxidant response of Arabidopsis plants to gamma irradiation: Genome-wide expression profiling of the ROS scavenging and signal transduction pathways

Dong Sub Kim, Jin Baek Kim, Eun Jeong Goh, Wook Jin Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Yong Weon Seo, Cheol Seong Jang, Si Yong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arabidopsis presumably has few sensors for gamma-rays and few signal transduction systems that respond to them. In an effort to assess their radiation sensitivity, wild-type (Ler) Arabidopsis plants were irradiated with various doses of gamma-rays at the vegetative (VE) and reproductive (RE) stages 100 Gy treatment induced the higher production of siliques during both the VE and RE stages compared with non-irradiation. Treatments at doses over 200 Gy repressed shoot growth, and the plants perished under 800 Gy treatment. The results of physiological analysis using electron spin resonance (ESR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that increased doses of gamma-rays induce greater ROS generation. To establish the gene expression profiles after gamma irradiation and for an analysis of the antioxidant response, we employed an oligonucleotide microarray system. Different responses of genes related with ROS scavenging and signal transduction pathways by a gamma irradiation were observed. At least 33 and 42 out of all genes with significantly altered expression were associated with ROS scavenging and signal transduction pathways having an induction or repression ratio cutoff of at least 2-fold, respectively. CAT3 (At1g20620), Ferritin1 (At5g01600), Blue copper binding protein (At5g20230), and AOX putative (At1g32350) were up-regulated regardless of dosage at the VE stage. Reactive oxygen species signaling genes encoding phospholipase, zinc finger protein, WRKY DNA-binding protein, and calcium binding protein were highly expressed, evidencing changes greater than 2-fold. Our transcriptomic profile of the responses of Arabidopsis genes to gamma irradiation showed that plants evidenced altered expressions of many signal transduction and antioxidant genes, as have been seen with other environmental stresses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1960-1971
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume168
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Antioxidant response
  • Gamma irradiation
  • ROS scavenging
  • Signal transduction
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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