Piperlongumine, a pyridone alkaloid isolated from Piper longum L., exhibited a potential inhibitory effect on washed rabbit platelet aggregation induced by collagen, arachidonic acid (AA) and platelet activating factor (PAF), without any inhibitory effect on that induced by thrombin. Piperlongumine was used as a lead compound for the synthesis of new antiplatelet agents. Seven synthetic compounds were newly synthesized from 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamic acid (TMCA). They were 1-piperidin-1-yl-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (1′), l-morpholin-4-yl-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (2′), 1-(3,5-dhnethylpiperidin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)prop-2-en- 1-one(3′), 1-(2-methylpiperidin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-tri-methoxyphenyl)prop-2- en-1-one (4′), 1-(3-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)- prop-2-en-1-one (5′), 1-[3-(3,4,5-tri-methoxyphenyl) acryloyl]-piperidin- 2-one (6′) and ethyl 1-[3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-acryloyl]piperidine-4- carboxylate (7′). Among those seven synthetic derivatives, 1-(3,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (3′) had the most inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by collagen, A A and PAF.
- Platelet aggregation
ASJC Scopus subject areas