Apomorphine, a therapeutic agent for neurological diseases, is structurally similar to dopamine, and thereby holds potential in cancer therapy. However, there are no reports regarding its anti-cancer effects on human epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs); therefore, we aimed to elucidate the mechanism underlying its action after drug repositioning. Apomorphine inhibited the proliferation of ES2 and OV90 EOC cells by inducing caspase activation and mitochondrion-associated apoptosis; it also promoted endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondrial dysfunction through mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization and mitochondrial calcium overload. Moreover, following apomorphine treatment, we noted the loss of respiratory chain activity by reduction of oxidative phosphorylation and energy-production shift in EOC cells. Further, we verified the anti-angiogenic capacity of apomorphine using fli:eGFP transgenic zebrafish. As a preclinical assessment, we demonstrated the synergistic anti-cancer effects of apomorphine and paclitaxel combination.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jul 1|
- Epithelial ovarian cancer
- Mitochondrial dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)