Application of anns, anfis and rsm to estimating and optimizing the parameters that affect the yield and cost of biodiesel production

Bahman Najafi, Sina Faizollahzadeh Ardabili, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Kwok Wing Chau, Timon Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


Biodiesel can easily be used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines. It is environmentally friendly and can be produced from low-cost feedstocks such as waste cooking oil (WCO). WCO contains a significant amount of free fatty acid, which is extracted by a two-step process of converting the free fatty acid by acid catalysis (H 2 S0 4 ) and converting the triglycerides using an NaOH catalyst. Currently, the major challenge for the industrial production of biodiesel is optimizing the yield while meeting American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. In this study, experiments were performed to optimize the reaction conditions. The studied experimental parameters were the alcohol types (methanol, ethanol), the alcohol-to-oil molar ratio (AOMR; 3:1, 6:1, 9:1), the amount of catalyst (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 wt% of the oil), the temperature of the reaction (50, 60, 70, 80°C), the mixing intensity (300, 600, 900 rpm), and the reaction time (30, 60, 90 min). The biodiesel production yield (BPY) was optimized based on the experimental data. The optimum value of the BPY based on methanol is 95.92%, which is obtained at 73.80°C, with a reaction time of 74.02 min, an AOMR of 6.58:1, a catalyst concentration of 1.13 and a mixing intensity of 824.45 rpm. In the case of ethanol, the optimum BPY is 95.53%. which is obtained at 64.96°C, with a reaction time of 88.02 min, an AOMR of 7.005:1, a catalyst concentration of 1.25 and a mixing intensity of 592.18 rpm. These results of biodiesel production were confirmed by the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-624
Number of pages14
JournalEngineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1


  • Alternative fuel
  • Biodiesel
  • Economic optimization
  • Transesterification
  • Waste cooking oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation


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