In this study, real-time predictive control and optimization model based on an ANN (artificial neural network) was developed to evaluate the cooling energy saving performance of the optimized control of CndWT (condenser water temperature). For this purpose, the difference in TCEC (total cooling energy consumption) between the conventional control strategy when the CndWT produced by the cooling tower is fixed and the optimized control strategy when real-time control of the CndWT through the optimal ANN model is applied was compared and analyzed. For the modeling of the building to be simulated, the co-simulation of EnergyPlus and MATLAB was built through the middleware Building Controls Virtual Test Bed. For the prediction of TCEC, an ANN model was developed through MATLAB's neural network toolbox. The model accuracy of the ANN was examined through Cv(RMSE) index and as a result, Cv(RMSE) of the optimized ANN model turned out to be approximately 25 %. More importantly, the predictive control technique was able to save TCEC by 5.6 % compared to the conventional control method constantly fixing CndWT set-point to 30 °C. These results showed that the CndWT needs to be dynamically controlled using artificial intelligence technique such as ANN model and that significant energy savings were achievable compared to the conventional fixed control.
- ANN (artificial neural network)
- CndWT (condenser water temperature)
- Cooling energy
- Cooling tower
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics