Application of particle methods to static fracture of reinforced concrete structures

Timon Rabczuk, Ted Belytschko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Citations (Scopus)


Particle methods for modeling reinforced concrete are described. The reinforcements are modeled by finite elements and are coupled to the particle method by Lagrange multipliers. The method is applicable to nonlinear problems, problems with moderate to severe cracking and deformable interfaces. Applications to the static response of reinforced concrete structures where the concrete is discretized with particles and the reinforcement with elements are described. The method is also tested for several static problems where no relative displacements between the concrete and the reinforcement are allowed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-49
Number of pages31
JournalInternational Journal of Fracture
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Bond
  • EFG
  • Fracture
  • Meshfree particle methods
  • Particle-FEM coupling
  • Reinforced concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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