Applications of radiation processing in combination with conventional treatments to assure food safety: New development

M. Lacroix, M. Turgis, J. Borsa, M. Millette, S. Salmieri, S. Caillet, J. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spice extracts under the form of essential oils (Eos) were tested for their efficiency to increase the relative bacterial radiosensitivity (RBR) of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi in culture media under different atmospheric conditions. The selected Eos were tested for their ability to reduce the dose necessary to eliminate E. coli and S. typhi in medium fat ground beef (23% fat) and Listeria in ready-to-eat carrots when packed under air or under atmosphere rich in oxygen (MAP). Results have demonstrated that depending of the compound added and the combined treatment used, the RBR increased from 2 to 4 times. In order to evaluate the industrial feasibility, EOs were added in ground beef at a concentration which does not affect the taste and treated at a dose of 1.5 kGy. The content of total mesophilic aerobic, E. coli, Salmonella, total coliform, lactic acid bacteria, and Pseudomonas was determined during 28 days. The results showed that the combined treatment (radiation and EOs) can eliminate Salmonella and E. coli when done under air. When done under MAP, Pseudomonas could be eliminated and a shelf life of more than 28 days was observed. An active edible coating containing EOs was also developed and sprayed on ready-to-eat carrots before radiation treatment and Listeria was evaluated. A complete inhibition of Listeria was obtained at a dose of 0.5 kGy when applied under MAP. Our results have shown that the combination of an edible coating, MAP, and radiation can be used to maintain the safety of meat and vegetables. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1017
Number of pages3
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov

Keywords

  • Bacterial radiosensitization
  • Essential oils
  • Food innocuity
  • Gamma radiation
  • Shelf life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

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