Apta-biosensors for nonlabeled real time detection of human IgE based on carbon nanotube field effect transistors

Jun Pyo Kim, Seunghun Hong, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrated the aptamer-based biosensor (apta-biosensor) using CNT-FET devices for label free detection of allergy diagnosis by IgE detection. In order to detect the IgE, two kinds of receptor (monoclonal IgE antibody and anti-IgE aptamer)-modified CNT-FET devices were fabricated. The binding event of the target IgE onto receptors was detected by monitoring the gating effect caused by the charges of the target proteins. Since the CNT-FET biosensors were used in buffer solution, it was crucial to use small-size receptors like aptamers than whole antibodies so that the charged target IgE could approach the CNT surface within the Debye length distance to give a large gating effect. The results show that CNT-FET biosensors using monoclonal IgE antibody had very low sensitivity (minimum detectable level ~1000 ng/mL), while those based on anti-IgE aptamer could detect 50 ng/mL. Moreover, the aptamer-modified CNT-FET herein could successfully block non-target proteins and could selectively detect the target protein in an environment similar to human serum electrolyte. Therefore, aptamer-based CNT-FET devices enable the production of label-free ultrasensitive electronic biosensors to detect clinically important biomarkers for disease diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4182-4187
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Aptamer
  • Biosensor
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Field effect transistor
  • IgE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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