Are navigation systems accurate enough to predict the correction angle during high tibial osteotomy? Comparison of navigation systems with 3-dimensional computed tomography and standing radiographs

Bong Soo Kyung, Jae Gyoon Kim, Ki-Mo Jang, Minho Chang, Young Wan Moon, Jin Hwan Ahn, Joon Ho Wang

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Unpredicted overcorrection of the mechanical axis can occur during navigation-assisted high tibial osteotomy (HTO). It is not clear whether the erroneous overcorrection stems from the navigation system itself or from other causes. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of the navigation system in HTO by comparing the change in the femorotibial angle provided by the navigation system with the bony correction angle of the proximal tibia on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) and with the change in mechanical femorotibial alignment on standing whole-leg radiographs. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 16 knees underwent navigation-assisted HTO, and their alignment data were obtained before and after correction. For comparison, preoperative and follow-up standing whole-leg anteroposterior radiographs, lateral knee radiographs, and preoperative and postoperative 3D CT scans were taken. The medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), posterior tibial slope, and mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA) were measured in these images, and the 3 coronal and 3 sagittal correction angles were compared with each other. Results: In the coronal plane, the mean correction angle of the navigation system was 9.3° ± 2.0° valgus (range, 6°-13°), and the mean MPTA on 3D CT increased 9.7° ± 2.0° (range, 6.7°-13.8°) after correction. The mean correction angle of the mFTA on standing radiographs was 11.9° ± 3.2° valgus (range, 6.9°-16.5°). There was no statistical significance between the navigation system and 3D CT (P = .187), but there was a statistically significant difference between the navigation system and standing radiographs (P = .001). The results of the correction angle in the sagittal plane were similar to those in the coronal plane. Conclusion: The correction of the femorotibial angle by the navigation system was not different from the bony correction angle on 3D CT. There was a discrepancy between the correction angle of the navigation system and that of the standing radiograph. Clinical Significance: Surgeons must be cautious about the tension of soft tissue, even when using the navigation system during HTO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2368-2374
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 1

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Osteotomy
Tomography
Leg
Knee
Tibia
Cohort Studies

Keywords

  • accuracy
  • computer-assisted surgery
  • correction angle
  • high tibial osteotomy
  • navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Are navigation systems accurate enough to predict the correction angle during high tibial osteotomy?: Comparison of navigation systems with 3-dimensional computed tomography and standing radiographs",
abstract = "Background: Unpredicted overcorrection of the mechanical axis can occur during navigation-assisted high tibial osteotomy (HTO). It is not clear whether the erroneous overcorrection stems from the navigation system itself or from other causes. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of the navigation system in HTO by comparing the change in the femorotibial angle provided by the navigation system with the bony correction angle of the proximal tibia on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) and with the change in mechanical femorotibial alignment on standing whole-leg radiographs. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 16 knees underwent navigation-assisted HTO, and their alignment data were obtained before and after correction. For comparison, preoperative and follow-up standing whole-leg anteroposterior radiographs, lateral knee radiographs, and preoperative and postoperative 3D CT scans were taken. The medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), posterior tibial slope, and mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA) were measured in these images, and the 3 coronal and 3 sagittal correction angles were compared with each other. Results: In the coronal plane, the mean correction angle of the navigation system was 9.3° ± 2.0° valgus (range, 6°-13°), and the mean MPTA on 3D CT increased 9.7° ± 2.0° (range, 6.7°-13.8°) after correction. The mean correction angle of the mFTA on standing radiographs was 11.9° ± 3.2° valgus (range, 6.9°-16.5°). There was no statistical significance between the navigation system and 3D CT (P = .187), but there was a statistically significant difference between the navigation system and standing radiographs (P = .001). The results of the correction angle in the sagittal plane were similar to those in the coronal plane. Conclusion: The correction of the femorotibial angle by the navigation system was not different from the bony correction angle on 3D CT. There was a discrepancy between the correction angle of the navigation system and that of the standing radiograph. Clinical Significance: Surgeons must be cautious about the tension of soft tissue, even when using the navigation system during HTO.",
keywords = "accuracy, computer-assisted surgery, correction angle, high tibial osteotomy, navigation",
author = "Kyung, {Bong Soo} and Kim, {Jae Gyoon} and Ki-Mo Jang and Minho Chang and Moon, {Young Wan} and Ahn, {Jin Hwan} and Wang, {Joon Ho}",
year = "2013",
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T1 - Are navigation systems accurate enough to predict the correction angle during high tibial osteotomy?

T2 - Comparison of navigation systems with 3-dimensional computed tomography and standing radiographs

AU - Kyung, Bong Soo

AU - Kim, Jae Gyoon

AU - Jang, Ki-Mo

AU - Chang, Minho

AU - Moon, Young Wan

AU - Ahn, Jin Hwan

AU - Wang, Joon Ho

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - Background: Unpredicted overcorrection of the mechanical axis can occur during navigation-assisted high tibial osteotomy (HTO). It is not clear whether the erroneous overcorrection stems from the navigation system itself or from other causes. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of the navigation system in HTO by comparing the change in the femorotibial angle provided by the navigation system with the bony correction angle of the proximal tibia on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) and with the change in mechanical femorotibial alignment on standing whole-leg radiographs. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 16 knees underwent navigation-assisted HTO, and their alignment data were obtained before and after correction. For comparison, preoperative and follow-up standing whole-leg anteroposterior radiographs, lateral knee radiographs, and preoperative and postoperative 3D CT scans were taken. The medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), posterior tibial slope, and mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA) were measured in these images, and the 3 coronal and 3 sagittal correction angles were compared with each other. Results: In the coronal plane, the mean correction angle of the navigation system was 9.3° ± 2.0° valgus (range, 6°-13°), and the mean MPTA on 3D CT increased 9.7° ± 2.0° (range, 6.7°-13.8°) after correction. The mean correction angle of the mFTA on standing radiographs was 11.9° ± 3.2° valgus (range, 6.9°-16.5°). There was no statistical significance between the navigation system and 3D CT (P = .187), but there was a statistically significant difference between the navigation system and standing radiographs (P = .001). The results of the correction angle in the sagittal plane were similar to those in the coronal plane. Conclusion: The correction of the femorotibial angle by the navigation system was not different from the bony correction angle on 3D CT. There was a discrepancy between the correction angle of the navigation system and that of the standing radiograph. Clinical Significance: Surgeons must be cautious about the tension of soft tissue, even when using the navigation system during HTO.

AB - Background: Unpredicted overcorrection of the mechanical axis can occur during navigation-assisted high tibial osteotomy (HTO). It is not clear whether the erroneous overcorrection stems from the navigation system itself or from other causes. Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of the navigation system in HTO by comparing the change in the femorotibial angle provided by the navigation system with the bony correction angle of the proximal tibia on 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) and with the change in mechanical femorotibial alignment on standing whole-leg radiographs. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 16 knees underwent navigation-assisted HTO, and their alignment data were obtained before and after correction. For comparison, preoperative and follow-up standing whole-leg anteroposterior radiographs, lateral knee radiographs, and preoperative and postoperative 3D CT scans were taken. The medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), posterior tibial slope, and mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA) were measured in these images, and the 3 coronal and 3 sagittal correction angles were compared with each other. Results: In the coronal plane, the mean correction angle of the navigation system was 9.3° ± 2.0° valgus (range, 6°-13°), and the mean MPTA on 3D CT increased 9.7° ± 2.0° (range, 6.7°-13.8°) after correction. The mean correction angle of the mFTA on standing radiographs was 11.9° ± 3.2° valgus (range, 6.9°-16.5°). There was no statistical significance between the navigation system and 3D CT (P = .187), but there was a statistically significant difference between the navigation system and standing radiographs (P = .001). The results of the correction angle in the sagittal plane were similar to those in the coronal plane. Conclusion: The correction of the femorotibial angle by the navigation system was not different from the bony correction angle on 3D CT. There was a discrepancy between the correction angle of the navigation system and that of the standing radiograph. Clinical Significance: Surgeons must be cautious about the tension of soft tissue, even when using the navigation system during HTO.

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KW - computer-assisted surgery

KW - correction angle

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KW - navigation

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