Assessing the relative power of structural break tests using a framework based on the approximate Bahadur slope

Dukpa Kim, Pierre Perron

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19 Citations (Scopus)


We compare the asymptotic relative efficiency of the Exp, Mean, and Sup functionals of the Wald, LM and LR tests for structural change analyzed by Andrews [Andrews, D.W.K., 1993. Tests for parameter instability and structural change with unknown change point. Econometrica 61, 821-856.] and Andrews and Ploberger [Andrews, D.W.K., Ploberger, W., 1994. Optimal tests when a nuisance parameter is present only under the alternative. Econometrica 62, 1383-1414.]. We derive the approximate Bahadur slopes of these tests using large deviations techniques. These show that tests based on the Mean functional are inferior to those based on the Sup and Exp when using the same base statistic. Also, for a given functional, the Wald-based test dominates the LR-based test, which dominates the LM-based one. We show that the Sup- and Mean-type tests satisfy Wieand's [Wieand, H.S., 1976. A Condition under which the Pitman and Bahadur approaches to efficiency coincide. Annals of Statistics 4, 1003-1011.] condition so that their slopes yield the limiting (as the size tends to zero) asymptotic relative Pitman efficiency (whether this holds for the Exp-type tests still remains a conjecture). Using this measure of efficiency, the Mean-type tests are also inferior to the Sup. We also compare tests based on the Wald and LM statistics modified with a HAC estimator. In this case, the inferiority of the LM-based tests is especially pronounced. The relevance of our theoretical results in finite samples is assessed via simulations. Our results are in contrast to those obtained by the authors-in the second reference cited above-based on a local asymptotic framework, and our analysis thereby reveals its potential weaknesses in the context of structural change problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-51
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Change point
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Supremum statistics
  • Unknown break date
  • Wald tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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