Assessment of gaseous, particulate, and unregulated emissions from diesel compression ignition and LPG direct injection spark ignition minibus vehicles under the world harmonized vehicle cycle on a chassis dynamometer

Sungha Baek, Kangjin Kim, Jaeho Cho, Cha Lee Myung, Simsoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Construction of harmful emission inventory from conventional and sustainable low carbon fueled vehicles is important issues to improve urban air quality and human health. In this study, the gaseous, nanoparticle, and unregulated gaseous emission formation behavior from a medium-duty minibus were investigated using the World Harmonized Vehicle Cycle (WHVC). The state-of-the-art diesel and turbocharged direct-injection liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) vehicle were tested on a chassis dynamometer. The after-treatment system of the 3.9-L diesel engine was composed of the DOC, DPF and SCR, which satisfy the Euro 6 emission regulation. The 3.3-L stoichiometric spark ignition direct injection LPG engine was a TWC-only system. The formation of harmful emission components from the light-duty minibus operation was closely related to powertrain types, combustion mechanisms, after-treatment devices, and physicochemical properties of the tested fuels. Additionally, the chemical composition and low heating value (or energy content) of the respective fuels substantially affected the vehicle CO2 emissions and fuel economy performance. Compared to LPG vehicle, the THC and NOx emissions from diesel vehicle were 63% and 511%. Similar PN concentrations were measured with each powertrain, but 2–3 times higher nucleation mode particles were released with diesel vehicle. Two vehicles showed comparable CO2 emissions, while fuel economy from diesel and LPG vehicle were 6.81 km/L and 4.60 km/L. The proportions of N2O and CH4 emissions with ozone forming potential (OFP) were 1.2% (diesel) and 0.3% (LPG), which showed the potential to mitigate the CO2-equivalent emissions from LPG minibus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120392
JournalFuel
Volume294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 15

Keywords

  • LPG direct injection
  • Minibus
  • Particle number
  • Selective catalytic reduction
  • Unregulated emissions
  • World harmonized vehicle cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of gaseous, particulate, and unregulated emissions from diesel compression ignition and LPG direct injection spark ignition minibus vehicles under the world harmonized vehicle cycle on a chassis dynamometer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this