Assessment of pulmonary function among sasang constitutional types: A population-based study in Korea

Seung Ku Lee, Dae Wui Yoon, Sung Hee Lee, Kyung Mee Choi, Si Woo Lee, Jong Yeol Kim, Jin Kwan Kim, Seung Heon Lee, Chol Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction The visceral theory in Sasang constitutional medicine proposes the hypothesis that specific types of Sasang constitutions have different functional activities in the internal organs. This population-based cohort study examined whether there were differences in the lung function according to the Sasang constitutional types (SCTs) using the pulmonary function test (PFT). Methods A total of 1320 individuals who participated in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study and completed the PFT were included. SCTs were classified by an integrated diagnostic model. We determined the values of the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC (%) for each of the SCTs. Individuals who had pulmonary diseases based on the chest X-ray examination were excluded. Results Tae-Eum (TE) type had a significantly lower FVC than So-Eum and So-Yang types (P = 0.034) even after adjusting for confounding factors including age, sex, weight, height, smoking, and presence of diabetes mellitus. FEV1 did not differ among the SCTs (P = 0.65). In the analysis stratified by gender, there was no significant difference in FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC in males, whereas females with the TE type had the lowest value of FVC among the SCTs (P = 0.016). Conclusions This study found that females with the TE type had the poorest lung function, in terms of the lung volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-951
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Integrative Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1


  • FEV
  • FVC
  • Sasang constitutional medicine
  • So-Eum type
  • So-Yang type
  • Tae-Eum type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of pulmonary function among sasang constitutional types: A population-based study in Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this