Assessment of the type D personality construct in the Korean population: A validation study of the Korean DS14

Hong Euy Lim, Moon-Soo Lee, Young-Hoon Ko, Young Min Park, Sook Haeng Joe, Yong Ku Kim, Changsu Han, Susanne S. Pedersen, Johan Denollet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to develop a Korean version of the Type D Personality Scale-14 (DS14) and evaluate the psychiatric symptomatology of Korean cardiac patients with Type D personality. Healthy control (n = 954), patients with a coronary heart disease (n = 111) and patients with hypertension and no heart disease (n = 292) were recruited. All three groups completed DS14, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), the state subscale of Spielberger State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale (CESD), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The Korean DS14 was internally consistent and stable over time. 27% of the subjects were classified as Type D. Type D individuals had significantly higher mean scores on the STAI-S, CESD, and GHQ compared to non-Type D subjects in each group. The Korean DS14 was a valid and reliable tool for identifying Type D personality. The general population and cardiovascular patients with Type D personality showed higher rate of depression, anxiety and psychological distress regarding their health. Therefore, identifying Type D personality is important in clinical research and practice in chronic medical disorders, especially cardiovascular disease, in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1

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Type D Personality
Validation Studies
Personality
Population
Depression
Epidemiologic Studies
Health
Anxiety
Korea
Coronary Disease
Psychiatry
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Psychology
Hypertension
Equipment and Supplies
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Coronary disease
  • Depression
  • DS14
  • Hypertension
  • Type D personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Assessment of the type D personality construct in the Korean population : A validation study of the Korean DS14. / Lim, Hong Euy; Lee, Moon-Soo; Ko, Young-Hoon; Park, Young Min; Joe, Sook Haeng; Kim, Yong Ku; Han, Changsu; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Denollet, Johan.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 116-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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