Association between Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms Among 2,162 Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults in South Korea

Does Community Connectedness Modify the Association?

Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Horim Yi, Seung-Sup Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among Korean lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals and explored the role of community connectedness in that association. We analyzed a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 2,162 LGB adults in Korea. Discrimination based on its types, including sexual orientation, over the past 12 months was classified into four categories: (1) ‘never experienced discrimination,’ experienced (2) ‘only sexual orientation discrimination,’ (3) ‘any of the other types of discrimination,’ and (4) ‘both sexual orientation discrimination and any of the other types of discrimination.’ Our findings suggest that there was a statistically significant association between ‘only sexual orientation discrimination’ and depressive symptoms among LGB individuals with a low-level of community connectedness, but not among those with a high-level. In the other two categories of discrimination, which included the other types of discrimination, the associations were statistically significant, regardless of the level of community connectedness.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Republic of Korea
South Korea
discrimination
Depression
community
Sexual Behavior
sexual orientation
Sexual Minorities
Korea
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • community connectedness
  • depressive symptoms
  • discrimination
  • LGB
  • mental health
  • sexual minority
  • sexual orientation
  • South Korea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

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title = "Association between Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms Among 2,162 Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults in South Korea: Does Community Connectedness Modify the Association?",
abstract = "This study investigated the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among Korean lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals and explored the role of community connectedness in that association. We analyzed a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 2,162 LGB adults in Korea. Discrimination based on its types, including sexual orientation, over the past 12 months was classified into four categories: (1) ‘never experienced discrimination,’ experienced (2) ‘only sexual orientation discrimination,’ (3) ‘any of the other types of discrimination,’ and (4) ‘both sexual orientation discrimination and any of the other types of discrimination.’ Our findings suggest that there was a statistically significant association between ‘only sexual orientation discrimination’ and depressive symptoms among LGB individuals with a low-level of community connectedness, but not among those with a high-level. In the other two categories of discrimination, which included the other types of discrimination, the associations were statistically significant, regardless of the level of community connectedness.",
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author = "Hyemin Lee and Jooyoung Park and Bokyoung Choi and Horim Yi and Seung-Sup Kim",
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AU - Choi, Bokyoung

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AU - Kim, Seung-Sup

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