Association between nutrient intake and obesity in type 2 diabetic patients from the korean national diabetes program: A cross-sectional study

So Hun Kim, Seong Bin Hong, Young Ju Suh, Yun Jin Choi, Moonsuk Nam, Hyoung Woo Lee, Ie Byung Park, Suk Chon, Jeong Taek Woo, Sei-Hyun Baik, Yongsoo Park, Dae Jung Kim, Kwan Woo Lee, Young Seol Kim

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the association between usual dietary nutrient intake and obesity in Korean type 2 diabetic patients. We examined 2,832 type 2 diabetic patients from the Korean National Diabetes Program cohort who completed dietary assessment and clinical evaluation in this cross-sectional study. In men, higher dietary fiber intake was associated with a lower odds of being obese (Ptrend = 0.003) and in women, higher protein intake was associated with a lower odds of being obese (Ptrend = 0.03) after adjustment for age, diabetes duration, HbA1c, alcohol drinking, income, education level, and calorie intake. In men, higher fiber intake was associated with lower odds of obesity after further adjustment for diastolic blood pressure, physical activity, and possible confounding nutritional intake and medication. The multivariable adjusted odds ratio for the highest quintile of fiber intake was 0.37 (Ptrend < 0.001). In women, protein intake was not associated with obesity after further adjustment. In conclusion, higher intake of dietary fiber is associated with lower odds of being obese in type 2 diabetic men, suggesting a role for dietary fiber in the management and prevention of obesity in type 2 diabetes (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT 01212198).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1195
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

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Dietary Fiber
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Food
Blood Pressure
Social Adjustment
Alcohol Drinking
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Proteins
Odds Ratio
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • Dietary fiber
  • Nutrients
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Association between nutrient intake and obesity in type 2 diabetic patients from the korean national diabetes program : A cross-sectional study. / Kim, So Hun; Hong, Seong Bin; Suh, Young Ju; Choi, Yun Jin; Nam, Moonsuk; Lee, Hyoung Woo; Park, Ie Byung; Chon, Suk; Woo, Jeong Taek; Baik, Sei-Hyun; Park, Yongsoo; Kim, Dae Jung; Lee, Kwan Woo; Kim, Young Seol.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 27, No. 10, 01.12.2012, p. 1188-1195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, SH, Hong, SB, Suh, YJ, Choi, YJ, Nam, M, Lee, HW, Park, IB, Chon, S, Woo, JT, Baik, S-H, Park, Y, Kim, DJ, Lee, KW & Kim, YS 2012, 'Association between nutrient intake and obesity in type 2 diabetic patients from the korean national diabetes program: A cross-sectional study', Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1188-1195. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2012.27.10.1188
Kim, So Hun ; Hong, Seong Bin ; Suh, Young Ju ; Choi, Yun Jin ; Nam, Moonsuk ; Lee, Hyoung Woo ; Park, Ie Byung ; Chon, Suk ; Woo, Jeong Taek ; Baik, Sei-Hyun ; Park, Yongsoo ; Kim, Dae Jung ; Lee, Kwan Woo ; Kim, Young Seol. / Association between nutrient intake and obesity in type 2 diabetic patients from the korean national diabetes program : A cross-sectional study. In: Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 10. pp. 1188-1195.
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