Association between oral health and thyroid disorders: A population-based cross-sectional study

Minsu Kwon, Yu Jin Jeong, Jiwon Kwak, Kwang Yoon Jung, Seung Kuk Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: In this study, we aimed to determine the relationship between oral health status and thyroid dysfunction. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES) was performed. We investigated the association between oral health-related parameters and the prevalence of thyroid diseases. In addition, the relationship between oral health status and thyroid function test (TFT) results was analyzed. One-way analysis of variances or chi-square test was used for comparisons between oral health-related parameters and presence of thyroid diseases. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the associations between participants’ characteristics including oral health-related parameters and the abnormal results of TFTs. Results: A total of 18,034 adults were surveyed. Histories of thyroid diseases were found to be more common in people who brushed their teeth frequently or used oral hygiene products. However, histories of periodontitis and community periodontal index (CPI) did not show significant associations with histories of thyroid diseases. Among 14,860 participants without history of thyroid disorders, people having higher CPI values demonstrated higher probabilities of abnormal TFTs (OR 1.381, 95% CI 1.241‒1.537, p <.0001); however, statistical significance was not found after adjusting for the other variables. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that good oral health-related behavior was associated with more frequent thyroid disease history. High CPI showed a significant association with TFT abnormalities; however, the significance of this association became lower when other variables such as age and sex were adjusted. Further studies will be needed to determine how the control of oral health-related conditions actually has a causal relationship with thyroid disease/dysfunction through prospective cohort studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2277-2284
Number of pages8
JournalOral Diseases
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • oral health
  • periodontal disease
  • periodontal index
  • thyroid diseases
  • thyroid function tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)


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