Association between use of humidifier disinfectant and allergic rhinitis in Korean children: A cross-sectional study based on the eighth Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC)

Tae Hwan Koh, Tae Hwan Koh, Jong Tae Park, Daeil Kwon, Kyeongmin Kwak, Kyeongmin Kwak

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    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Rhinitis was the most frequently diagnosed disorder among users of humidifier disinfectants (HDs). The aim of our study was to investigate on the relationship between allergic rhinitis (AR) and HD uses. Methods: Our study used the data from the eighth Panel Study on Korean Children; a total of 1,540 participants were enrolled. The χ2 test and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to debunk the association between AR and HD uses. Results: In our analysis, odds ratios (ORs) of doctor-diagnosed AR increased significantly when simply the response of whether HDs were used in the past was considered. When the brands of HD were considered, ORs of doctor-diagnosed AR were found to be increased significantly for those who have used polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate/oligo(2-[2-ethoxy]-ethoxyethyl)guanidinium-containing HDs (model 3: 1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.95). However, once duration of usage was additionally considered, ORs of doctor-diagnosed AR increased significantly only for those who have used chloromethylisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone-containing HDs for more than or equal to 3 months (model 3: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.17-3.69). Further, past use of HD was associated with significantly increased ORs of AR diagnosed before 2013 (model 3: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.02-1.79). Conclusions: Results of our study suggest that past uses of HDs may be associated with an increased risk of AR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere9
    JournalAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
    Volume32
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • Allergic rhinitis
    • Children
    • Environmental chemicals
    • Humidifier disinfectant
    • PSKC

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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